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Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family(More)
Leishmania species cause a spectrum of human diseases in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. We have sequenced the 36 chromosomes of the 32.8-megabase haploid genome of Leishmania major (Friedlin strain) and predict 911 RNA genes, 39 pseudogenes, and 8272 protein-coding genes, of which 36% can be ascribed a putative function. These include genes(More)
Chromosome translocations are gross chromosomal rearrangements that have often been associated with cancer development in mammalian cells. The feasibility of drastically reshaping the genome with a single translocation event also gives this molecular event a powerful capacity to drive evolution. Despite these implications and their role in genome(More)
The mechanism of excretion into bile of hepatospecific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast media employed labeled Gd-reagents EOB.DTPA, BOPTA, B 20790 (iopanoate-linked), and B 21690 (glycocholate-linked) for measurement in rat liver canalicular plasma membrane vesicles and yeast vacuoles. The presence of ATP gave threefold greater transport of B(More)
We have studied the mechanism of DNA transformation of whole yeast cells in Saccharomyces cerevisiae with particular emphasis on the role of the cell wall complex in DNA uptake. Two new aspects of the process have been investigated in order to evaluate its specificity. Such aspects are: (i) effect of monovalent vs. divalent cations during incubation with(More)
By in silicio analysis, we have discovered that there are seven open reading frames (ORFs) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae whose protein products show a high degree of amino acid sequence similarity to the aryl alcohol dehydrogenase (AAD) of the lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Yeast cultures grown to stationary phase display a significant(More)
Transposon Tn5 genomic mutants of plant-growth-promoting Pseudomonas putida strain WCS358 have been isolated which no longer utilize ferulic and coumaric acids as sole sources of carbon and energy. Genetic studies confirmed previous biochemical data showing that ferulic acid is degraded via vanillic acid, and coumaric acid via hydroxybenzoic acid. The genes(More)
A 15 kb DNA fragment from the Bacillus subtilis chromosome between citB and ppsC has been sequenced, and new ORFs encoding putative enzymes involved in lipopolypeptide synthesis, which complete a partial operon previously reported, and a new set of enzymes responsible for lipid metabolism have been identified. From the analysis of DNA sequence homology of(More)
The Bacillus pumilus gene encoding a ferulic acid decarboxylase (fdc) was identified and isolated by its ability to promote ferulic acid decarboxylation in Escherichia coli DH5 alpha. The DNA sequence of the fdc gene was determined, and the recombinant enzyme produced in E. coli was purified and characterized.
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of tumor suppressor genes in somatic cells is a major process leading to several types of cancer; however, its underlying molecular mechanism is still poorly understood. In the present work, we demonstrate that a linear DNA molecule bridging two homologous chromosomes in diploid yeast cells via homologous recombination produce(More)