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The T helper (Th) 1/Th2 balance in the T-lymphocyte response to purified protein derivative (PPD) was evaluated at the clonal level in six Italian and five Gambian patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) before and after antimycobacterial therapy, as well as in five Gambian and four Italian healthy immune control subjects. In untreated patients, most(More)
The autonomic nervous system has an important role in the pathophysiology of vasovagal syncope. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate to what extent the autonomic system is involved in the mechanism of fainting and to characterize the profile of heart rate variability of individuals who are prone to undergo a critical event. Thirty patients(More)
Human autoimmune gastritis (AIG) is an organ-specific inflammatory disorder leading to gastric atrophy and pernicious anemia. Gastric H+,K(+)-ATPase was identified as the autoantigen in both human disease and experimental murine AIG (EAIG). Studies of EAIG significantly contributed to current knowledge of human AIG, but to what extent EAIG mimics AIG is(More)
Atherosclerotic lesions are infiltrated by macrophages and T lymphocytes, potentially reactive to pathogens. We studied in vivo activated T lymphocytes that infiltrate atherosclerotic plaques of Helicobacter pylori-infected patients with or without anti-Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies. In all atherosclerotic lesions, T helper type 1 (Th1) cells were(More)
Autoimmune gastritis and Helicobacter pylori-associated gastric atrophy develop through similar mechanisms involving the proton pump H+,K+-adenosine triphosphatase as autoantigen. Here, we report that H. pylori-infected patients with gastric autoimmunity harbor in vivo-activated gastric CD4+ T cells that recognize both H+, K+-adenosine triphosphatase and H.(More)
Intravenous heparin has been used in the control of myocardial ischaemia in patients with unstable angina. We set out to assess the efficacy of subcutaneous heparin in reducing myocardial ischaemia in patients with unstable angina. 343 of 399 patients with unstable angina were monitored for 24 h and 108 were refractory to conventional antianginal treatment(More)
The pathogenetic role of autonomic nervous system in the neurally mediated orthostatic vasodepressive syncope is unclear. upright tilt was used to assess the characteristics of autonomic tone during orthostatic stress. We studied 18 patients (mean age 26 +/- 5 years) suffering from vasodepressive orthostatic syncope and with positive response to a 30-minute(More)
Blood pressure changes induced by migration from Somalia to Italy were studied in 25 normotensive clinical healthy blacks (aged 29 +/- 6 years) who had immigrated from Mogadishu to Florence. Basal and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure, venous compliance, and daily urinary electrolyte excretion were measured on arrival and 6 months later. After 6 months both(More)
The time-domain analysis of 24-hour electrocardiographic recordings showed that vagal modulation of heart rate is reduced within 48 hours from vasovagal syncope. However, patients with recent vasovagal syncope can be differentiated from healthy subjects only up to the age of 40 years with this analysis, because this parasympathetic modulation(More)