Carlo Scolfaro

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To determine the rate of vertical transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV), we prospectively studied 45 babies born to anti-HCV-positive women with or without concomitant infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We performed a second-generation recombinant immunoblotting assay, alanine transaminase (ALT) evaluation, and HCV-RNA testing on sera(More)
Clinical features and outcome of 2009 H1N1 influenza virus in the paediatric setting is ill-defined. The epidemiologic and clinical features of children with confirmed H1N1 influenza virus infection admitted to an Italian tertiary paediatric hospital from August through December 2009 were evaluated. A total of 63 children (mean age 4.3 years) were studied;(More)
We report a case of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in a 7-day old neonate. Because the hospital water, and particularly the pool water for water birthing, was contaminated by L. pneumophila serogroup 1, the newborn was infected following prolonged delivery in contaminated water, perhaps by aspiration. This is the first case of nosocomial Legionella(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the incidence of nosocomial infection (NI) in pediatric patients who received cardiothoracic surgery and to identify possible associated risk factors. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING The cardiac surgery and cardiac intensive care units at the Regina Margherita Children's Hospital, Turin, Italy. PATIENTS All(More)
OBJECTIVE To report our experience on the safety and tolerability of moxifloxacin for treating children affected by pulmonary TB. STUDY DESIGN Children receiving a moxifloxacin-containing anti-TB regimen were included in the study. Their medical records were revised at the end of follow-up. METHODS We describe nine children treated with moxifloxacin for(More)
We report here 2 pediatric cases of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) that were observed in Italy. Both families came from an Eastern European country, which is notably an area with a high prevalence of MDR TB. An increase of new cases of MDR TB in developed countries is expected over the next years because of migratory flow, and specific measures(More)
Bartonella henselae is the causative agent of cat-scratch disease and other disorders, including hepatosplenic granulomatosis. This infection has only rarely been reported after solid organ transplantation, where it can mimic the more common post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease. Here we present a case of asymptomatic B. henselae hepatic and lymph(More)
Sepsis related coagulopathy ranges from mild laboratory alterations up to severe disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). There is evidence that DIC is involved in the pathogenesis of microvascular dysfunction contributing to organ failure. Additionally, the systemic activation of coagulation, by consuming platelets and coagulation factors, may cause(More)
The worldwide prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in children is 0.05%-0.4% in developed countries and 2%-5% in resource-limited settings, where inadequately tested blood products or un-sterile medical injections still remain important routes of infection. After the screening of blood donors, mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HCV has become(More)
OBJECTIVES Because of the spread of drug-resistant Gram-positive bacteria, the use of linezolid for treating severe infections is increasing. However, clinical experience in the paediatric population is still limited. We undertook a multicentre study to analyse the use of linezolid in children. METHODS Hospitalized children treated with linezolid for a(More)