Carlo Sagramoso Sacchetti

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Human neutrophils activated by phorbol myristate acetate were cytotoxic to ox erythrocytes, as determined by the 51Cr release method. Maximal cytolysis was obtained with a phorbol myristate acetate concentration of 5 ng/ml and with an effector to target cell ratio of 1:4. An intact neutrophil metabolic burst and production of oxygen-derived-free radicals(More)
The authors studied the familial occurrence of tumors in 154 individuals with gastric cancer by reviewing the clinical data and the genealogical tree of all patients registered in 1986 through 1987 in the Local Health Care District of Modena, Italy, for cancer of the stomach. Crude and age-adjusted (world population) incidence rates of gastric cancer were(More)
Leukaemic blast cells from 20 patients with acute leukaemia were examined for their capacity to mediate cytotoxicity against ox red blood cells in the presence of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), a system widely employed as an in vitro model of tissue damage by metabolically activated mature phagocytes. Blasts from certain patients with myelomonocytic and(More)
Human neutrophilic polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils) are terminally differentiated cells that die by undergoing apoptosis. At present, the intracellular pathways governing this process are only partially known. In particular, although the adenylate cyclase-dependent generation of cyclic AMP (cAMP) has been implicated in the triggering of apoptosis(More)
The familial occurrence of tumors has been investigated in 389 subjects with colorectal cancer by reviewing the clinical data and the genealogical tree of all patients registered in 1984-1986, in the Local Health District, for malignancies of the large bowel. Among first-degree relatives of the registered patients there were 89 cases of colorectal cancer as(More)
Total and differential leucocyte countings, mobilization of the marrow granulocyte reserve with hydrocortisone and growth of blood colony-forming cells (CFU-C) in agar culture have been evaluated in 17 patients with Graves' disease before therapy. Moreover, the myeloid differentiation of blood CFU-C in liquid culture has been studied in 4 patients.(More)
The efficacy and the tolerability of the new crystalline pure lactulose formulation (Laevolac Cristalli) vs lactitol is evaluated in 40 patients suffering from liver cirrhosis and treated for the associated encephalopathy (PSE). Both disaccharides proved to be effective in the maintenance therapy of PSE. With respect to the previous formulation of(More)
Human neutrophils, added to fibronectin (FN)-coated polystyrene wells and exposed to tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), were found to exhibit a prolonged production of superoxide anion (O2-) after a lag period of approx 30 min. The O2- production, but not the cell adherence to FN, was completely inhibited by two MoAbs against CD18 and by a MoAb(More)
Ascorbic acid is able to stimulate neutrophil oxidative metabolism in normal neutrophils, as well as other several functions of these cells, either in the normal state or in the defective one. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of ascorbic acid on the hexose monophosphate shunt (HMPS) and on the bactericidal activity of neutrophils from(More)
An infant girl with chronic eczema, recurrent infections, elevated IgE and impaired neutrophil chemotaxis appeared to belong to the group of patients described by Buckley, Wray & Belmaker (1972). An hereditary influence is suggested by a similar defect found in the patient's mother. Levamisole improved the in vitro defect and the clinical picture.