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BACKGROUND Primary desminopathies are caused by desmin gene [DES (MIM*125660)] mutations. The clinical spectrum includes pure myopathies, cardiomuscular diseases and cardiomyopathies. Patients with restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) plus atrioventricular block (AVB) due to DES defects are frequently unrecognized unless desmin accumulation is specifically(More)
BACKGROUND Acute fulminant myocarditis (AFM) may represent a life-threatening event, characterized by rapidly progressive cardiac compromise that ultimately leads to refractory cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) provides effective cardiocirculatory support in this circumstance, but few clinical(More)
Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is one of the most important factors limiting the long-term survival of lung transplant recipients (LTR), however its pathogenesis still remains unclear. We hypothesized that an increased production of certain specific proinflammatory mediators in the first post-transplant year would predispose to BOS. We(More)
BACKGROUND Preemptive therapy of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infections has gained popularity in transplantation centers. However, standardized protocols are not available. In particular, whether a qualitative molecular assay for detection of a late (pp67) HCMV mRNA represents a valuable alternative to quantitative antigenemia remains to be defined. (More)
Absolute and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell counts were monitored in 38 solid organ (20 heart, 9 lung and 9 kidney) transplant recipients during the first year after transplantation by a novel assay based on T-cell stimulation with HCMV-infected autologous dendritic cells. According to the pattern of T-cell restoration occurring(More)
UNLABELLED Viral respiratory tract infections in lung transplant recipients may be severe. During three consecutive winter-spring seasons, 49 symptomatic lung transplant recipients with suspected respiratory viral infection, and 26 asymptomatic patients were investigated for presence of respiratory viruses either in 56 nasopharyngeal aspirate or 72(More)
Control of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection during the posttransplant period was investigated in 134 solid-organ transplant recipients by monitoring in parallel virologic and immunologic parameters for at least 1 year of follow-up. Virologic monitoring was achieved by determining HCMV DNAemia with real-time PCR, using the threshold of 300 000 DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rejection or transplant-associated coronary artery disease (TxCAD) is the most serious complication after human cardiac transplantation. Previous studies, using Western blotting, have shown formation of antibodies against endothelial antigens of 56 and 58 kDa, which are associated with early TxCAD. These antigens were later identified as(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the surgical results and the benefits to the patient of a minimally invasive surgical approach for atrial septal defects. METHODS Between May 1998 and May 2008, 166 patients (median age, 44 years) had surgery for atrial septal defects in our institution. Of these patients, 118 (71%) had a patent foramen ovale (associated with atrial(More)
BACKGROUND Tacrolimus (FK506) has recently become available clinically as an alternative to cyclosporine-based immunosuppression. This study reports the middle-term results of a prospective, randomized trial that compared FK506 with cyclosporine-based immunosuppression in heart transplant recipients. METHODS Twenty-five consecutive patients were(More)