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Mutations of human leucine-rich glioma inactivated (LGI1) gene encoding the epitempin protein cause autosomal dominant temporal lateral epilepsy (ADTLE), a rare familial partial epileptic syndrome. The LGI1 gene seems to have a role on the transmission of neuronal messages but the exact molecular mechanism remains unclear. In contrast to other genes(More)
Autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (EPT; OMIM 600512) is a form of epilepsy characterized by partial seizures, usually preceded by auditory signs. The gene for this disorder has been mapped by linkage studies to chromosomal region 10q24. Here we show that mutations in the LGI1 gene segregate with EPT in two families affected by this disorder. Both(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (ADLTE) is characterized by focal seizures with auditory features or aphasia. Mutations in the LGI1 gene have been reported in up to 50% of ADLTE pedigrees. We report a family with temporal lobe epilepsy characterized by psychic symptoms associated with a novel LGI1 mutation. METHODS All participants(More)
Mutations in the LGI1 gene are linked to autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (ADTLE) in about half of the families tested, suggesting that ADLTE is genetically heterogeneous. Recently, the Lgi1 protein has been found associated with different protein complexes and two distinct molecular mechanisms possibly underlying ADLTE have been hypothesized:(More)
Lateral temporal epilepsies are still a poorly studied group of conditions, covering lesional and nonlesional cases. Within nonlesional cases, autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (ADLTE) is a well-defined, albeit rare, condition characterized by onset in adolescence or early adulthood of lateral temporal seizures with prominent auditory auras(More)
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a common epilepsy syndrome with a complex etiology. Despite evidence for the participation of genetic factors, the genetic basis of TLE remains largely unknown. A role for the galanin neuropeptide in the regulation of epileptic seizures has been established in animal models more than two decades ago. However, until now there(More)
PURPOSE To report a new form of reflex epilepsy in which the seizures are repeatedly and exclusively triggered by answering the telephone. METHODS Three patients with a history of telephone-induced seizures were studied in detail by means of clinical, EEG, and neuroradiologic investigations. Intensive video-EEG monitoring to record the reflex seizures(More)
Genetic factors are likely to play a major role in many epileptic conditions, spanning from classical idiopathic (genetic) generalized epilepsies to epileptic encephalopathies and focal epilepsies. In this review we describe the genetic advances in progressive myoclonus epilepsies, which are strictly monogenic disorders, genetic generalized epilepsies,(More)