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AIMS All convective hemodiafiltration techniques require a replacement fluid, which must have an adequate electrolytic composition and must be sterile and pyrogen-free. Using an integrated adsorption cartridge, the ultrafiltrate can be "regenerated" and used as a replacement fluid (hemo-filtrate reinfusion; HFR). The aim of this study was to evaluate(More)
We described previously that in the erythrocytes and mononuclear blood cells from uremic patients on chronic hemodialysis, the membrane concentrations of malonyldialdehyde (MDA), resulting from peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the membrane itself increased, and the concentrations of vitamin E (VIT E), the major antioxidizing agent, were(More)
A number of pathological conditions caused by oxidative stress have been reported in uremic patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD). Enhanced lipid peroxidation was previously observed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HD patients. Upregulation of 5-lipoxygenase (5-Lox) activity and protein content with enhanced production of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether restricting protein intake may delay the progression of chronic renal failure caused by overt diabetic nephropathy and also whether this increases the risk of malnutrition. DESIGN Prospective clinical trial. SETTING Nephrology outpatients. PATIENTS Sixty-nine patients (32 affected by type 1 and 37 by type 2 diabetes, all(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether a dietary protein restriction is useful for slowing the progression of chronic renal failure (CRF) in diabetic and nondiabetic patients and to analyze the possible risk of malnutrition after such a dietary regimen. DESIGN Prospective, randomized case-control clinical trial. SETTING Nephrology outpatients. PATIENTS AND(More)
In haemodialysis patients, increased concentrations of malonyldialdehyde and decreased vitamin E content indicate lipid peroxidation in the platelets from oxidative damage. The same process has been described in red blood cells and in mononuclear cells in peripheral blood. However, platelet aggregation is within normal limits and does not change after(More)
A 71-year-old-woman was admitted to the S. Eugenio Hospital for a history of progressively impaired standing and gait. Anamnesis revealed systemic hypertension, gastric polyposis and juvenile pulmonary tuberculosis. Neurological examination showed a severe truncal and gait ataxia, without any sensory-motor impairment. Motor and somato-sensory evoked(More)
In hemodialysis patients the pentose-phosphate shunt activity is deficient. As a consequence, the lipid peroxidation of the erythrocyte membranes is increased as shown by the increase in malonyldialdehyde concentrations and is accompanied by a decrease of the level of vitamin E in RBC. In the present study we have found that increased lipid peroxidation of(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hemolysis, inadequate production of erythropoietin (EPO) or an impaired response of erythroid stem cells to EPO are the main factors of anemia in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Oxidative damage of red blood cell (RBC) membrane is a well-established cause of chronic hemolysis in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Administration of(More)