Carlo Martinoli

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During sonographic examination of the extremities using high frequency "small-parts" equipment, peripheral nerves may be identified in virtually all patients. Peripheral nerves have a typical ultrasonographic pattern that correlates well with histologic structure and facilitates differentiation between nerves and tendons. The ability of this technique to(More)
The diagnosis of nerve entrapment at osteofibrous tunnels relies primarily on clinical and electrodiagnostic findings. Recently, the refinement of high-frequency broadband transducers with a range of 5-15 MHz, sophisticated focusing in the near field, and sensitive color and power Doppler technology have improved the ability to evaluate peripheral nerve(More)
To develop clinical guidelines for musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSKUS) referral in Europe. Sixteen musculoskeletal radiologists from seven European countries participated in a consensus-based interactive process (Delphi method) using consecutive questionnaires and consensus procedure meetings at several European radiology meetings. The evaluation of(More)
Objective. To analyze peripheral nerves with ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MR) in leprosy and assess the role of imaging in leprosy patients. Design and patients. Fifty-eight nerves with abnormal clinical features or electromyograms were examined in 23 leprosy patients by means of gray-scale US, Doppler US and MR imaging. Image(More)
PURPOSE To improve accuracy in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) by comparing cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements of the median nerve obtained at the level of the carpal tunnel (CSAc) with those obtained more proximally (CSAp), at the level of the pronator quadratus muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study protocol was approved by the(More)
Ultrasound is the most rapidly developing technique in musculoskeletal imaging. Continuing technological advances have broadened its application, such that it may now replace MR imaging in many specific clinical settings. The main drawbacks of musculoskeletal ultrasound remain a strong operator dependence and the lack of standardized scanning protocols. To(More)
OBJECTIVE The few published ultrasound (US) studies on chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) report diffusely increased cross-sectional area (CSA) of nerves. The data are, however, heterogeneous and correlations with clinical history or disease severity are lacking. METHODS Thirty-four patients with CIDP underwent US nerve(More)
OBJECTIVE We used color Doppler sonography to evaluate the vascular anatomy of the salivary glands and to analyze physiologic changes that occur during salivary stimulation in normal subjects and the flow alterations that occur in diseased glands. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The vascular appearance of the three major salivary glands was examined in healthy(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate, with power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US), the normal interlobular vasculature in patients who underwent renal transplantation and to assess if defects of the PD signal at the interlobular level correspond to cortical areas that lack blood perfusion at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-two normal and 33(More)
We present the case of a 40-year-old man with rheumatoid arthritis who had a painless left inguinal mass. Sonographic examination revealed a large soft tissue mass with mixed internal echotexture and regular borders extending inside the pelvis and into the proximal portion of the thigh. Sonography also showed communication between the bursa of the iliopsoas(More)