Carlo Marcuccio

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This investigation is the first nationwide survey on the circulation of leptospira infections in human beings in Italy. In nine out of twenty Italian regions, representative samples of the population were investigated for the presence of leptospira infections. Unexpectedly, leptospira infections were found to be widespread, the number of cases being much(More)
Strain SPC-1(T) was isolated from the phyllosphere of Cynara cardunculus L. var. sylvestris (Lamk) Fiori (wild cardoon), a Mediterranean native plant considered to be the wild ancestor of the globe artichoke and cultivated cardoon. This Gram-stain-negative, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and non-motile strain secreted(More)
Migraine without aura (MWA) is a clinical condition characterized by multiple immune deficits, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis of the disease. In this respect, previous studies have demonstrated that patients with MWA exhibit profound dysfunctions of phagocytosis and killing exerted by polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) and monocytes. This(More)
The endotoxicity of Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme Disease, a tick-borne spirochetosis, was studied using Limulus assay and pyrogen test in rabbit. Some suspensions of Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes dammini associated Borrelia were able to gelify Limulus lysate and demonstrated a febrile response in rabbit. These findings and other recent data(More)
Sir, Lyme arthritis, the most common late sign of Lyme disease, provides a unique human model for the infectional etiology of rheumatic disease (1). Its association with tick-borne Borrelia burgdorferi (2) gave impetus to investigations on the epidemiological, bacteriological, and clinical aspects of the disease. Despite these significant contributions to(More)
Many evidences support the existence of a bilateral connection between the thymic gland and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA). In this respect, neurohormones such as the adrenal corticotropin hormone and glucocorticoids cause thymic involution, while the growth hormone and the prolactin upregulate thymic functions. On the other hand, a thymic(More)
Thromboembolic complications are known in cancer patients after i.v. administration of Corynebacterium parvum. We examined the ability of this organism to induce production of procoagulant activity by human blood mononuclear leukocytes in vitro. After 4 hours incubation Corynebacterium parvum was an effective stimulant for mononuclear leukocytes, behaving(More)
The newly recognized spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme Disease, has been examined for endotoxin-like activities as measured by the standard Farmacopea Ufficiale della Republica Italiana rabbit fever test and the Limulus amoebocyte lysate assay. The suspension of heat-killed microorganism caused a febrile response at a dose of 1 X(More)
Specific IgG and IgM antibodies to Chlamydia pneumoniae were evaluated by microimmunofluorescence test in a group of healthy subjects (age 0-18 years). Antibody titers (IgG) > or = 1:16 were found in 9.7% of the age group 0-1 years, in 5.3% of the group of 2-3 years and rose to 19% in children of the group 4-6 years. The seroprevalence was 11% and 17.1% in(More)
Tuberculosis (TBC) is characterized by a complex immune response which parallels the clinical course of the disease. In this respect, acquired resistance, delayed hypersensitivity reaction and anergy are the main types of immune reactivity to mycobacterial antigens. In view of the presence of nonspecific and specific immune deficits in TBC patients, a(More)