Carlo Marchesi

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The next two decades will see dramatic changes in the health needs of the world's populations with chronic diseases as the leading causes of disability, according to recent World Health Organization reports. Increases in the senior population living "confined" in domestic area are also expected producing a steep increase in the need for long-term monitoring(More)
1. Plasma oxytocin (OX), vasopressin (VP), estrone (ES) and beta-endorphin (beta-end) levels were measured in 13 male non-chirrotic alcoholics, at 1, 4, 7, 15 and 28 days after alcohol withdrawal and only once in 9 sex- and age-matched normal controls. 2. At all examined time points, plasma OX and ES, but not VP, levels were significantly higher in(More)
OBJECTIVE In this naturalistic and prospective study, personality was assessed in patients with panic disorder (PD), in order to evaluate whether personality features negatively influence the outcome of pharmacological treatment. METHOD Before drug treatment, PD was diagnosed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV disorders and personality was(More)
OBJECTIVE In this prospective study, temperament and character were evaluated in patients with panic disorder (PD), before 1 year of medication therapy, to verify whether these factors influenced the outcome of treatment. METHOD Seventy-one PD patients were evaluated with the SCID-IV, the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the SCL-90, the Ham-A(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the time to onset, duration, and risk factors for major and minor depression in pregnant women attending the Centers for Prenatal Care. METHODS The presence of depressive symptoms and their severity were evaluated at monthly intervals in 154 pregnant women, using the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders and the Hospital(More)
The circadian secretion of beta-endorphin, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and cortisol was evaluated in 14 non-cirrhotic alcoholic men after 7 and 28 days of abstinence and in 12 sex- and age-matched normal subjects. A significant decrease in plasma levels of beta-endorphin, reduced ACTH levels, and increased cortisol levels were observed in samples(More)
The attention system functionally modulates brain activity to exert control over thoughts, feelings and actions. Three distinct but mutually interacting components of attention have been hypothesized: alerting, which mediates the maintenance of a state of vigilance toward an upcoming stimulus; orienting, which supports the selection of sensory information,(More)
BACKGROUND In the present study, we evaluated whether patients with panic disorder (PD) in complete remission were more alexithymic than normal controls. METHODS Fifty-two PD patients (both during the acute phase of the disorder and after at least 2 months of complete remission) and 52 age- and sex-matched normal subjects completed the Toronto Alexithymia(More)
METHOD Forty-two patients with Panic Disorder (P), 18 with Major Depression (MD), 35 with both conditions (MIX) and 45 healthy subjects (C) were tested with the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire and the Structured Interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders. RESULTS A different prevalence of Dependent (P = 16.7%, MD = 5.6%, MIX = 41.4%, C = 2.1%)(More)
In the present study we tried to identify which socio-demographic and clinical characteristics are associated with demoralization in medically ill in-patients. Patients (n. 296), consecutively admitted to medical wards in a 120 day period, were evaluated with the Demoralization Scale of the Psychiatric Epidemiological Research Interview (PERI-D) to assess(More)