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A carbapenemase-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain, clone ST258 producing KPC-3, was fully characterized. The entire plasmid content was investigated, thereby identifying plasmids of the IncFII(k) (two of them similar to pKPQIL and pKPN3, respectively), IncX, and ColE types, carrying a formidable set of resistance genes against toxic compounds, metals,(More)
Escherichia coli strains producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are a major problem in many different hospitals worldwide, causing outbreaks as well as sporadic infections. The prevalence of Escherichia coli ESBL producers was analyzed in a surveillance study performed on the population attending the Policlinico Umberto I, the largest(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of an infection control program on the incidence of hospital-acquired infection (HAI) and associated mortality. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING A 2000-bed, university-affiliated hospital in Italy. PATIENTS All patients admitted to the general intensive care unit (ICU) for more than 48 hours between January 2000 and(More)
The capacity of human and murine polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) release from human monocytes was investigated. Human pooled immunoglobulin G (IVIG), human IgM monoclonal antibody (HA-1A) directed against the lipid A moiety of LPS, and murine IgG monoclonal antibody(More)
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in severely immunocompromised patients, but recently several authors have reported the occurrence of IPA in liver cirrhosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, most of whom, but not all, were receiving steroid treatment, with a very high(More)
The combination of lamivudine and hepatitis B immunoglobulins (HBIg) to prevent recurrence of HBV hepatitis has significantly improved the survival of patients transplanted for HBV-related end-stage liver disease. Generally, HBIg are administered intravenously. We evaluated the efficacy, tolerability, and cost savings of long-term intramuscular HBIg and(More)
Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae caused an outbreak in a hospital in Rome, Italy. The clinical isolates were tested by antimicrobial susceptibility testing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, multilocus sequence typing, plasmid typing, and β-lactamase identification. The OmpK35 and OmpK36 porins were analyzed by SDS-PAGE, and their genes were(More)
Epstein Barr Virus (EBV), is associated with an increasing number of lymphoid and epithelial malignancies. Among the genes expressed by EBV during latency, LMP1 plays a key role for growth transformation and immortalization of B lymphocytes. We have previously shown that antisense oligonucleotides (ONs) directed to LMP1 mRNA, effectively suppressed LMP1(More)