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Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and RANTES, as well as their related receptors, have been shown to be involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Genes for their related receptors, CCR2 and CCR5, respectively, are characterized by the presence of two polymorphisms: a conservative change of a valine with an isoleucine at codon 64 of CCR2(More)
Upregulation of a number of chemokines, including monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathological changes. Emerging evidence suggests that inflammatory events precede the clinical development of AD, as cytokine disregulation has been observed also in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MCP-1 levels(More)
We compared plasma levels of beta-amyloid 1-42 (pg/ml) found for 146 sporadic Alzheimer (AD) patients, 89 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 89 age-matched controls (CT). AD patients had significantly lower levels (38, 54, 52; p<0.01), unrelated to severity of the disease as assessed by MMSE score, age, sex or APOE4 status. Twenty cases(More)
About 60% of patients complain of cutaneous allodynia during migraine episodes, often in the periorbitary region of the pain side. Pre-clinical studies have shown that the underlying mechanism is sensitisation of primary nociceptors and central trigeminovascular neurons and that patients have a lower pain threshold for mechanical stimulation compared to(More)
The distribution of the Glu298Asp polymorphism in NOS3 gene was determined in 405 Italian patients with "probable" Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared with 253 age-matched controls. Total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) levels were evaluated in 97 patients and 23 controls, and were correlated with the Glu298Asp genotype. A significantly increased frequency of the(More)
MCP-1 levels are increased in CSF of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared with controls, suggesting a role in the development of dementia. Recently, a biallelic A/G polymorphism in the MCP-1 promoter at position -2518 has been found, influencing the level of MCP-1 expression in response to an inflammatory stimulus. The distribution of the A-2518G(More)
Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid cells (TREM)2 deficiency originates a genetic syndrome characterized by bone cysts and presenile dementia, named Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD). Early onset dementia and marked involvement of frontal regions are features characterizing both NHD and other kinds of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Frontotemporal Lobar(More)
Senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) are the prominent lesions in the brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. NFT are mainly composed of an abnormally phosphorylated form of tau protein, which has lost its function to bind microtubules and promote their assembly. Tau hyperphosphorylation critically decreases tau function and precedes(More)
A common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), consisting in a T-->C transition (T-786C) in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3), has been reported to be associated with vascular pathologies, but no information are available on a possible association with AD. T-786C genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length(More)
Sleep and pain perception are two phylogenetically well-conserved functions, strictly influenced by environmental and psychological factors, and are able to interact reciprocally both in physiological and pathological situations. Sleep and head-pain perception share the involvement of several structures, such as the thalamus, the hypothalamus and brainstem(More)