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Upregulation of a number of chemokines, including monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathological changes. Emerging evidence suggests that inflammatory events precede the clinical development of AD, as cytokine disregulation has been observed also in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MCP-1 levels(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and RANTES, as well as their related receptors, have been shown to be involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Genes for their related receptors, CCR2 and CCR5, respectively, are characterized by the presence of two polymorphisms: a conservative change of a valine with an isoleucine at codon 64 of CCR2(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate allodynia in patients with different primary headaches. BACKGROUND Many migraineurs have allodynia during headache attacks; some may have allodynia outside attacks; allodynia may also be associated with other primary headaches. METHODS A total of 260 consecutive primary headache patients presenting for the first time at a(More)
Allodynia, the perception of pain induced by a non-painful stimulus, is frequently associated with migraine, especially when chronic, and mainly in the aura subtype. Among migraineurs, allodynia is thought to be caused by the headache and the activation of nociceptors with the development of central sensitization in subjects with an altered regulation of(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders, genetically classified according to the identified disease gene or locus. Clinically, HSP are distinguished in pure and complicated forms. Mutations in the spastin gene (SPAST) are responsible for SPG4 and account approximately for 50% of the dominantly inherited(More)
Migraine is a primary headache characterized by recurrent attacks of head pain associated with nausea or vomit, photophobia, phonophobia and osmophobia. The presence of osmophobia during migraine attacks seems to be a very specific complaint. Cutaneous allodynia (CA) is very common in migraineurs, and it is the most evident clinical manifestation of central(More)
The distribution of the Glu298Asp polymorphism in NOS3 gene was determined in 405 Italian patients with "probable" Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared with 253 age-matched controls. Total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) levels were evaluated in 97 patients and 23 controls, and were correlated with the Glu298Asp genotype. A significantly increased frequency of the(More)
A common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), consisting in a T-->C transition (T-786C) in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3), has been reported to be associated with vascular pathologies, but no information are available on a possible association with AD. T-786C genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length(More)
Interferon-gamma-inducible Protein-10 (IP-10) is supposed to play a role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) development, as demonstrated by increased levels in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with AD. A mutation scanning of IP-10 exonic region was carried out in 10 patients with AD and 10 age-matched controls, demonstrating the presence of two previously(More)