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1. The knowledge of the pharmacokinetic profile of fluphenazine decanoate (FPZ-D) suggested it was suitable for treatment of schizophrenic patients not just during the maintenance phase of the disease but also during acute relapses. 2. 27 acute schizophrenic in-patients (diagnosed according to the DSM III) were treated with FPZ-D, 25 mg i.m. with repeated(More)
The Quality Extinction Test was used to detect lateralised abnormalities of hemispheric functions in schizophrenic patients. Course of illness significantly affected the distribution of tactile extinctions, chronic patients showing more left-side extinctions than sub-chronic ones. Ages significantly affected the number of left extinctions, and sex the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of multiple group family treatment for Schizophrenia. METHOD Relatives were randomly provided with an informative programme (n = 50), or allocated to receive an additional support programme (n = 26). Patients did not attend the programme to overcome cultural and organizational implementation barriers. The 12 and 24(More)
Forty-two schizophrenic patients and their close relatives took part in an Italian replication study of expressed emotion (EE). The patients were selected from the psychiatric ward of a general hospital in Milan and were subsequently followed up for nine months. All patients attended a community service clinic as out-patients, and all but one were(More)
In order to investigate whether structural brain changes in schizophrenia are static or progress in time, 17 schizophrenic patients were examined by computed tomography (CT) between 2 and 5 years after the initial scan. There was no change in cerebral ventricular size or degree of cortical atrophy over this period. The stability of CT scan measures of(More)
This report evaluates, using DSM III, the psychopathological profile of 226 heroin users taken in at the clinical centre of "Cascina Verde" Therapeutic Community (Milan, Italy) and admitted to a psychotherapeutic, retraining, integrated, both out-and-in-patient treatment. The outcome shows that 30% of subjects are to be diagnosed according to Axis I while(More)
A large body of evidence concerning immunological abnormalities in schizophrenic patients seems to suggest a role of the immune system in the multifactorial pathogenesis of schizophrenia. We investigated the production of various cytokines [interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-10, interferon (INF)-gamma] in drug-free (n=26) and drug-naive (n=7) schizophrenic(More)
In the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD), it has been proposed that the anti-inflammatory interleukins such as IL-10 regulate beta-amyloid-induced microglial inflammatory responses inhibiting the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6. Since the promoters of the IL-10 and IL-6 genes show single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (IL-10: -1082 G --> A; IL-6: -174 G(More)
1. Several immunological abnormalities have been found in schizophrenia but their significance still remains largely unknown. In this study the authors analyzed mitogen-stimulated interleukin (IL)-2, Interferon gamma (IFN)-gamma and IL-10 (type 2 cytokine) production in a sample of 37 chronic schizophrenic patients as compared with a sample of 40 age and(More)