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BACKGROUND The endogenous modulation of pain can be assessed through conditioned pain modulation (CPM), which can be quantified using subjective pain ratings or nociceptive flexion reflexes. However, to date, the test-retest reliability has only been investigated for subjective pain ratings. OBJECTIVE To compare the test-retest reliability of CPM-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE To reanalyze scoring criteria for automatic detection of nociceptive flexion reflexes (NFRs) in electromyography (EMG) recordings and to improve detection accuracy by accounting for multiple characteristics of the recordings, such as baseline noise level or sampling rate. METHODS Single scoring criteria for the NFR were reanalyzed and validated(More)
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