Carlo Grassi

Learn More
We compared ceftazidime monotherapy with ceftriaxone/tobramycin in a prospective, randomized clinical trial that included 580 patients with serious hospital-acquired infections. One-half of the patients had an underlying disease with a rapidly or ultimately fatal prognosis; 40% were nursed in intensive care units. Clinical response among patients with(More)
The beta amyloid (Abeta), the major protein component of brain senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease, is known to be directly responsible for the production of free radicals toxic to brain tissue and the redox state of Met-35 residue seems to play a particular and critical role in peptide's neurotoxic actions. In this study, we investigated, in human(More)
The efficacy and safety of carbocysteine lysine salt monohydrate (SCMC-Lys) in the prevention of acute exacerbations associated with chronic obstructive bronchitis were evaluated in a multicenter double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group trial in 662 outpatients. After a 1-month run-in period, patients were randomized to three groups and assigned to(More)
We investigated whether MR889, a synthetic cyclic thiolic elastase inhibitor, administered for a period of 4 weeks to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, is well-tolerated, and whether it modifies biochemical indices of lung destruction. The study was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial in COPD patients. Thirty(More)
The aim of our study was to measure values of maximal inspiratory (MIP) and expiratory (MEP) mouth pressures in 625 (266 male, 359 female) clinically and functionally normal subjects drawn out of a sample representative of the general population. MEP (near TLC and FRC) was found to be significantly higher when compared with MIP (near RV and FRC), and(More)
N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an analogue and precursor of reduced glutathione, has been in clinical use for more than 30 yrs as a mucolytic drug. It has also been proposed for and/or used in the therapy and/or prevention of several respiratory diseases and of diseases involving an oxidative stress, in general. The objective of the present study was to evaluate(More)
We evaluated the ability of intravenous supplementation therapy with alpha(1)-antitrypsin (AAT) to reduce the rate of urinary excretion of desmosine (DES), a specific marker of elastin degradation, in eight men and four women with emphysema due to severe, congenital deficiency of AAT (range 17-69 mg/dl). Nine were former cigarette smokers, two were current(More)
The treatment of community-acquired pneumonia is empirical in most cases and must cover a wide range of potential pathogens, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, including penicillin-resistant strains, Haemophilus influenzae and intracellular microorganisms. The objective of this double-blind, randomized, parallel group study was to compare the efficacy and(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the value of ultrasonographic assessment of the uterine cervix and amniotic fluid tests in the prediction of the interval from admission to delivery in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes. Ninety-two patients admitted to the hospital for preterm premature rupture of membranes between 24 and 32(More)
A comparative bioavailability study of the antituberculosis drugs isoniazid, rifampin, and pyrazinamide was carried out in a group of 10 healthy volunteers after administration of the three compounds, once in individual association and once in a combined, fixed preparation. The investigation was designed as an open, crossover study where each subject(More)