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A catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (C1,2O) has been purified to homogeneity from Acinetobacter radioresistens grown on phenol as the sole carbon and energy source. The C1,2O appears to be a homodimer, with a molecular mass of 78,000 Da. At relatively high ionic strengths (0.5 M Na2SO4) subunit dissociation occurs and the monomeric unit (38,700 Da) is shown to be(More)
An Acinetobacter radioresistens strain able to grow on phenol or benzoate as sole carbon and energy source through the beta-ketoadipate pathway was isolated in our laboratories. In previous research, we found a different expression of catechol-1,2-dioxygenase isoenzymes (C-1,2-O) depending on the growth substrate (phenol or benzoate). In the present study,(More)
Two different isozymes (Iso A and Iso B) of catechol 1,2 dioxygenase (C1,2O) were isolated from cultures of A. radioresistens grown in two different media, containing phenol and benzoate respectively. In the phenol medium the bacteria expressed about 90% of Iso A, whereas in the benzoate medium the Iso A/Iso B ratio was 40:60. The two proteins have(More)
This paper reports the isolation and characterization of phenol hydroxylase (PH) from a strain belonging to the Acinetobacter genus. An Acinetobacter radioresistens culture, grown on phenol as the only carbon and energy source, produced a multicomponent enzyme system, located in the cytoplasm and inducible by the substrate, that is responsible for phenol(More)
Two catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (C1,2O) isozymes (IsoA and IsoB) have been purified to homogeneity from a strain of Acinetobacter radioresistens grown on benzoate as the sole carbon and energy source. IsoA and IsoB are both homodimers composed of a single type of subunit with molecular mass of 38,600 and 37,700, Da respectively. In conditions of low ionic(More)
A strain of Acinetobacter radioresistens was able to utilize phenol as the only carbon and energy source, after an acclimatization period of 3 days in which increasing phenol concentrations from 50 to 200 mg/l were supplied. At 30 degrees C, the complete phenol utilization in batch degradation tests occurred in 2.5-3 h at pH 7 and 8, but it increased(More)
The soluble and membrane proteome of a tyramine producing Enterococcus faecalis, isolated from an Italian goat cheese, was investigated. A detailed analysis revealed that this strain also produces small amounts of beta-phenylethylamine. Kinetics of tyramine and beta-phenylethylamine accumulation, evaluated in tyrosine plus phenylalanine-enriched cultures(More)
This work provides functional data showing that the bacterial CYP102A1 recognises compounds metabolised by human CYP3A4, CYP2E1 and CYP1A2 and is able to catalyse different reactions. Wild-type cytochrome CYP102A1 from Bacillus megaterium is a catalytically self-sufficient enzyme, containing an NADPH-dependent reductase and a P450 haem domain fused in a(More)
Wine, like other fermented foods, may contain biogenic amines produced by lactic acid bacteria via amino acids decarboxylation. The most relevant amines from the toxicological standpoint are histamine and tyramine. The complexity of fermented substrates makes it difficult to suggest a priori how variables can modulate amine production. Lactobacillus(More)
All fermented foods are subject to the risk of biogenic amine contamination. Histamine and tyramine are among the most toxic amines for consumers' health, exerting undesirable effects on the central nervous and vascular systems, but putrescine and cadaverine can also compromise the organoleptic properties of contaminated foods. These compounds are produced(More)