Carlo Giaquinto

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The data currently available on the epidemiology, severity and economic burden of nosocomial rotavirus (RV) infections in children younger than 5 years of age in the major European countries are reviewed. In most studies, RV was found to be the major etiologic agent of pediatric nosocomial diarrhea (31-87%), although the number of diarrhea cases associated(More)
Intussusception, a potentially lethal condition with poorly understood etiology, is the most common cause of acute intestinal obstruction in children younger than 5 years old. In some cases, the condition has been associated with administration of the first licensed rotavirus vaccine, the reassortant rhesus-human tetravalent rotavirus vaccine (RRV-TV;(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) constitutes a significant burden of pediatric disease. Knowledge of currently cocirculating rotavirus genotypes is required to help guide immunization strategies. METHODS During the 2004-2005 RVGE season, a prospective, multicenter, observational study of RVGE was conducted in children <5 years of age seeking(More)
The degree of diversity of cocirculating human rotavirus wild-type strains is high. This article reviews the occurrence and frequency of rotavirus types in European children younger than 5 years of age during the past 10-15 years. To enable greater understanding of the overall epidemiologic situation, rotavirus types found in animals in Europe are(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of drug use in children in three European countries. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study, 2000-5. SETTING Primary care research databases in the Netherlands (IPCI), United Kingdom (IMS-DA), and Italy (Pedianet). PARTICIPANTS 675 868 children aged up to 14 (Italy) or 18 (UK and Netherlands). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(More)
BACKGROUND The availability of comprehensive, up-to-date epidemiologic data would improve the understanding of the disease burden and clinical consequences of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) in Europe. METHODS During the 2004-2005 season, a prospective, multicenter, observational study was conducted in children <5 years of age in primary care, emergency(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the total burden of influenza among healthy children in the community in order to analyse the cost of influenza in paediatric age. METHODS This prospective study involved a total community population of 21,986 children, 6988 of whom experienced an influenza-like illness (ILI) between 1 November 2008 and 30 April 2009. An electronic(More)
PURPOSE In this proof-of-concept paper we describe the framework, process, and preliminary results of combining data from European electronic healthcare record (EHR) databases for large-scale monitoring of drug safety. METHODS Aggregated demographic, clinical, and prescription data from eight databases in four countries (Denmark, Italy, Netherlands, the(More)
As part of a project within the European Community research activities on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), infants born to human-immunodeficiency-virus-seropositive mothers are being followed up from birth. By October, 1986, 71 infants from Padua, Berlin, and Edinburgh had been followed up to a median age of 6 months (range 1-15 months). Symptoms(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus is recognized as a significant cause of pediatric gastroenteritis worldwide. Comprehensive data on the burden of rotavirus disease in Europe were lacking. METHODS A prospective, multicenter, observational study was conducted during the 2004-2005 season in selected areas of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and the United(More)