Carlo Giaquinto

Anita De Rossi8
Marisa Zanchetta8
Riccardo Freguja4
Ketty Gianesin4
Osvalda Rampon4
8Anita De Rossi
8Marisa Zanchetta
4Riccardo Freguja
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  • Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Katia M C Verhamme, Alfredo Nicolosi, Macey L Murray, Antje Neubert, Daan Caudri +8 others
  • 2008
OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of drug use in children in three European countries. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study, 2000-5. SETTING Primary care research databases in the Netherlands (IPCI), United Kingdom (IMS-DA), and Italy (Pedianet). PARTICIPANTS 675 868 children aged up to 14 (Italy) or 18 (UK and Netherlands). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus affects 95% of children worldwide by age 5 years and is the leading cause of severe dehydrating diarrhea. The objective of this review was to estimate the burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) in the Western European pediatric population. METHODS A comprehensive literature search (1999-2010) was conducted in PubMed and other(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns and play a crucial role in the host's innate immune response. Genetic variations in TLR genes may influence host-viral interactions and might impact upon the risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 (HIV-1). The aim of this study(More)
UNLABELLED Asthma drugs are amongst the most frequently used drugs in childhood, but international comparisons on type and indication of use are lacking. The aim of this study was to describe asthma drug use in children with and without asthma in the Netherlands (NL), Italy (IT), and the United Kingdom (UK). We conducted a retrospective analysis of(More)
The overall objective of the eu-ADR project is the design, development, and validation of a computerised system that exploits data from electronic health records and biomedical databases for the early detection of adverse drug reactions. Eight different databases, containing health records of more than 30 million European citizens, are involved in the(More)
BACKGROUND Each year rotavirus gastroenteritis results in thousands of paediatric hospitalisations and primary care visits in the Netherlands. While two vaccines against rotavirus are registered, routine immunisation of infants has not yet been implemented. Existing cost-effectiveness studies showed inconsistent results for these vaccines because of lack of(More)
OBJECTIVE Data from electronic healthcare records (EHR) can be used to monitor drug safety, but in order to compare and pool data from different EHR databases, the extraction of potential adverse events must be harmonized. In this paper, we describe the procedure used for harmonizing the extraction from eight European EHR databases of five events of(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and the most frequent cause of severe diarrhoea in children aged less than 5 years. Although the epidemiology of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) is well documented, there are few data on the impact of RVGE on the families of affected children. METHODS Data associated with the burden(More)
  • Mariangela Cavarelli, Ingrid Karlsson, Marisa Zanchetta, Liselotte Antonsson, Anna Plebani, Carlo Giaquinto +3 others
  • 2008
BACKGROUND HIV-1 R5 viruses are characterized by a large phenotypic variation, that is reflected by the mode of coreceptor use. The ability of R5 HIV-1 to infect target cells expressing chimeric receptors between CCR5 and CXCR4 (R5(broad) viruses), was shown to correlate with disease stage in HIV-1 infected adults. Here, we ask the question whether(More)
  • Riccardo Freguja, Ketty Gianesin, Marisa Zanchetta, Francesco Carmona, Sandro Malacrida, Osvalda Rampon +2 others
  • 2012
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and defensins (DEFs) play a crucial role in the host's innate immunity and may influence HIV-1 disease progression. We investigated the impact of TLR9 +1174G > A, 1635A > G and DEFβ1 -44C > G, -52G > A single nucleotide polymorphisms on the clinical outcome of 95 HIV-1-infected children. The TLR9 1635AG genotype and TLR9 [G;G](More)