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Inhibition of phosphodiesterase 9 (PDE9) has been reported to enhance rodent cognitive function and may represent a potential novel approach to improving cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease. PF-04447943, (6-[(3S,4S)-4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-ylmethyl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-1,5-dihydro-4H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-one), a(More)
Signaling by androgens and interferons (IFN) plays an important role in prostate cancer initiation and progression. Using microarray analysis, we describe here a functional cross-talk between dihydrotestosterone and interferon signaling. Glutathione S-transferase pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation experiments reveal that the androgen receptor and the(More)
Androgens play important endocrine roles in development and physiology. Here, we characterize activities of two "Andro" prohormones, androstenedione (A-dione) and 4-androsten-3beta,17beta-diol (A-diol) in MDA-MB-453 (MDA) and LNCaP cells. A-dione and A-diol, like cyproterone acetate, were partial agonists of transfected mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) and(More)
Prostate cancer (PCa) initially responds to inhibition of androgen receptor (AR) signaling, but inevitably progresses to hormone ablation-resistant disease. Much effort is focused on optimizing this androgen deprivation strategy by improving hormone depletion and AR antagonism. However we found that bicalutamide, a clinically used antiandrogen, actually(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor super family of transcription factors. Androgens play an essential role in the development, growth, and maintenance of male sex organs, as well as the musculoskeletal and central nervous systems. Yet with advancing age, androgens can drive the onset of prostate cancer, the second leading(More)
Glucocorticoids are used widely in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, but use is accompanied by a significant burden of adverse effects. It has been hypothesized that gene- and cell-specific regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor by small molecule ligands could be translated into a therapeutic with an improved risk-benefit profile. MK-5932 is a(More)
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