Carlo Franzini

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An attempt was made to sever the optic chiasma in the mid-sagittal plane in 12 rats. This was successful in 8 animals. Provided there was no additional substantial damage to the uncrossed optic fibres the rats were able to relearn an intensity discrimination and to learn or relearn an orientation discrimination, although optokinetic following was abolished.(More)
Brain capillary perfusion was evaluated in the different states of the wake-sleep cycle-quiet wakefulness (QW), quiet sleep (QS), and active sleep (AS)-in rats. The extent of the perfused capillary network was determined by intravascular distribution of a fluorescent marker. Evans blue (EB); it remained unchanged across the three behavioral conditions, QW,(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured in rabbits during the sleep-waking cycle, using radioactive microspheres. rCBF does not change significantly in the transition from wakefulness (W) to synchronized sleep (SS), while it significantly increases during desynchronized sleep (DS). No correlation was found between CBF changes and changes in cardiac(More)
We assessed the validity of recording blood flow in the superior sagittal sinus (Qss) as a measure of cerebral blood flow (CBF). While anesthetized, 10 lambs were instrumented with a transit-time ultrasonic flow probe around the superior sagittal sinus to measure Qss, electrodes to assess sleep state, catheters to measure cerebral perfusion pressure (Pcp),(More)
BACKGROUND In a primary healthcare center concerned more with maintaining wellness than with diagnosing and monitoring illness, it is particularly important to compare patients' results with reference intervals derived from a matched population by use of defined statistical methods. METHODS Laboratory results over a 3-year period (approximately 15,000,000(More)
Pertussis toxin, a protein composed of five different subunits (S1, S2, S3, S4, and S5), is the major virulence factor of Bordetella pertussis. We have cloned and sequenced a DNA fragment of 4.7 kilobases that contains the genes coding for the five subunits. The genes are clustered within 3.2 kilobases in the following order: S1, S2, S4, S5, and S3. A(More)
BACKGROUND To effectively assess and correct for intermethod variability, calibration and control materials (CCMs) must show the same intermethod behavior as patient sera, i.e., they must be commutable. We describe the commutability of selected CCMs for lipase assays, the impact of noncommutability of CCMs in normalizing patient results, and characteristics(More)
The low biological variation of myoglobin and creatine kinase isoenzyme MB mass (CK-MBm) requires accurate measurements. In the standardization process, in order to effectively measure and correct intermethod variability, the intermethod behaviour of control materials must be the same of patient sera, i.e. they must be commutable. In this work we checked(More)
In a warm environment the skin vessels of the rabbit ear, dilated during synchronized sleep (SS), reduce their caliber during desynchronized sleep (DS). In a cold environment the ear skin vessels, constricted during SS, increase their caliber during DS. These vascular changes contrast with thermoregulatory homeostasis. They can be accounted for by the(More)