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RATIONALE Several lines of evidence have indicated that the central histaminergic system might be involved in learning and memory OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to ascertain the impact on memory processes of putative histaminergic-cholinergic interactions in the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) of the rat. METHODS The effects of(More)
The mnemonic performances of male and female rats were compared in an object recognition test. Females were still able to recognize a previously identified object after a 90-min between-trial interval, compared with only 60 min in the males. Because histamine (HA) involvement in memory processes has been strongly suggested, the effect of H3-HA autoreceptor(More)
In several human diseases, such as cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), produced mainly by mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, is increased. In cancer cells, the increase of ROS production has been associated with mtDNA mutations that, in turn, seem to be functional in the alterations of the bioenergetics(More)
In human cells the length of telomeres depends on telomerase activity. This activity and the expression of the catalytic subunit of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is strongly up-regulated in most human cancers. hTERT expression is regulated by different transcription factors, such as c-Myc, Mad1 and Sp1. In this study, we demonstrated that(More)
The role of the histamine (HA) H3 receptor (estimated by binding of [3H]N-alpha-methyl HA in the brain cortex) in the response of male rats to four types of stress was evaluated: acute weak foot-shock stress (0.5 mA x 1 s x 5 times), acute intense foot-shock stress (1mA x 10 s x 5 times), acute restraint stress (60 min at 24 degrees C) and chronic variate(More)
Peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors that belong to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. The three PPAR isoforms (alpha, gamma and beta/delta) have been found to play a pleiotropic role in cell fat metabolism. Furthermore, in recent years, evidence has been found regarding the(More)
Coral-derived calcium carbonate/hydroxyapatite macroporous constructs of the genus Goniopora with limited hydrothermal conversion to hydroxyapatite (7% HA/CC) initiate the induction of bone formation. Which are the molecular signals that initiate pattern formation and the induction of bone formation? To evaluate the role of released calcium ions and(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta(3) (TGF-beta(3)), a multi-functional growth modulator of embryonic development, tissue repair and morphogenesis, immunoregulation, fibrosis, angiogenesis and carcinogenesis, is the third mammalian isoform of the TGF-beta subfamily of proteins. The pleiotropism of the signalling proteins of the TGF-beta superfamily, including(More)
Changes in the baseline and in the 40 mM K+-evoked release of histamine from hypothalamus slices were compared in male and female rats aged 2, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The baseline release declined in the 12-, 18-, and 24-month males. In contrast, the K+-evoked release remained constant in the males, but in the females it decreased in animals more than 2(More)