Carlo De Marco

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Huntington disease (HD) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor, psychiatric, and cognitive symptoms. The genetic defect responsible for the onset of the disease, expansion of CAG repeats in exon 1 of the gene that codes for huntingtin on chromosome 4, has been unambiguously identified. On the other hand, the mechanisms by which(More)
Oxidative damage is a feature of many age-related neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a highly reactive product of the free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation of unsaturated lipids, particularly arachidonic acid, in cellular membranes. In the present study we show for the first time in brain obtained(More)
A number of studies reported that oxidative and nitrosative damage may be important in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, whether oxidative damage precedes, contributes directly, or is secondary to AD pathogenesis is not known. Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a clinical condition that is a transition between normal aging and(More)
Considerable evidence supports the role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. One hallmark of Alzheimer's disease is the accumulation of amyloid beta-peptide, which invokes a cascade of oxidative damage to neurons that can eventually result in neuronal death. Amyloid beta-peptide is the main component of senile plaques and(More)
S-(3-aminopropyl)cysteine and Se-(3-aminopropyl)selenocysteine are deaminated by bovine liver glutamine transaminase. The corresponding alpha-keto acids, S-(3-aminopropyl)-thiopyruvic acid and Se-(3-aminopropyl)selenopyruvic acid, are produced which spontaneously cyclize to ketimine derivatives. They have been identified by comparing their UV absorption(More)
Increasing evidence suggests a critical role for oxidative and nitrosative stress in the pathogenesis of most important neurodegenerative disorders. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by a severe depletion in number of dopaminergic cells of the substantia nigra (SN). Administration of L-DOPA (LD) is the more effective(More)
Selenomethionine is as a good substrate as methionine for bovine liver glutamine transaminase (E.C. 2.6.1.15). Almost identical Km values for methionine, selenomethionine, 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoic acid and 4-methylseleno-2-oxobutanoic acid have been obtained. Like for other enzymes, also for glutamine transaminase the substitution of the sulfur atom in a(More)
5,6-Dihydroxyindole (DHI) and 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA), which are important intermediates in melanogenesis, can be converted into the corresponding melanin pigments by the action of the lipoxygenase/H2O2 system. Kinetic and HPLC analyses indicate that both DHI and DHICA are good substrates for this enzymatic system. Enzyme activity on(More)
Thiazolidine-2-carboxylic acid, or beta-thiaproline, is a proline analog in which the beta methylene group of proline is substituted by a sulfur atom. It has been deomonstrated that beta-thiaproline is activated and transferred to tRNAPro by Escherichia coli and rat liver aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, and inhibits proline incorporation into polypeptides in(More)
Rats fed a diet supplemented with L-cystine excrete in the urine taurine, hypotaurine (l-3), and possibly cystamine disulfoxide (4)) although the excretion of the last mentioned compound is not certain (3). It was recognized earlier (1) that paper chromatograms of the urine of these rats showed another ninhydrin-positive spot which moved more rapidly than(More)