Carlo Crescenzi

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Dioxins and other polycyclic aromatic compounds formed during the combustion of waste and fossil fuels represent a risk to human health, as well as to the well being of our environment. Compounds of this nature exert carcinogenic and endocrine-disrupting effects in experimental animals by binding to the orphan aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Understanding(More)
Evidence indicates that lipoxygenases (LO) may play a role in cancer cell survival. We show that human malignant pleural mesothelial (MM) cells, but not normal mesothelial (NM) cells, express a catalytically active 5-LO. Pharmacological or genetic inhibition of MM cell 5-LO determined nucleosome formation and induced a DNA fragmentation pattern typical of(More)
An original method based on LC-MS for determination of the flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) in air is presented, as an alternative to the traditionally used GC-MS. The soft ionization in LC-MS makes it possible to monitor the intact molecule and to use 13C-labelled TBBPA as an internal surrogate standard, two features that improve both accuracy(More)
The laccase activity, in the presence of ferulic acid as substrate, was tested with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The two products initially formed were identified by HPLC-mass spectrometry and HPLC-diode array as trans-5-[(E)-2-carboxyvinyl]-2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl)-7-methoxy-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-3-carboxylic acid and(More)
A method for determining organophosphate esters in air samples using C8 Empore solid phase extraction (SPE) membranes has been developed. After the sampling the analytes trapped in the membrane are completely desorbed with methanol, using an extraction cell connected online to the organic modifier channel of a HPLC gradient pump. The addition of water to(More)
A new LC-MS method for the determination and characterization of three groups of commonly used organic explosives (nitroaromatic compounds, cyclic nitroamines and nitrate esters) was developed using a porous graphitic carbon (PGC) (Hypercarb) column. Twenty-one different explosive-related compounds--including 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, its by-products and its(More)
A chimeric CYCLIN D1-TROP2 mRNA was isolated from human ovarian and mammary cancer cells. The CYCLIN D1-TROP2 mRNA was shown to be a potent oncogene as it transforms naïve, primary cells in vitro and induces aggressive tumor growth in vivo in cooperation with activated RAS. Silencing of the chimeric mRNA inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells. The(More)
Matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) is a new sample pretreatment for solid samples. This technique greatly simplifies sample pretreatment but, nonetheless, the extracts often still require an extra cleanup step that is both laborious and time-consuming. The potential of combining MSPD with molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) was(More)
This paper presents a novel application of active single-drop microextraction (SDME) for the determination of mixtures of four gaseous diisocyanates: 2,4- and 2,6-toluene diisocyanate (TDI), hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) and methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI). The optimised simultaneous extraction, preconcentration and derivatization method utilizes a(More)
We evaluated the feasibility of extracting selectively and rapidly herbicide residues in soils by hot water and collecting analytes with a Carbograph 4 solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridge set on-line with the extraction cell. Phenoxy acid herbicides and those nonacidic and acidic herbicides which are often used in combination with phenoxy acids were(More)