Carlo Civardi

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In 25 normal subjects, we studied the EMG silent period following the magnetic motor evoked potential (MEP) when the target muscle was tonically contracted (post-EMP silent period [PMSP]). In the first dorsal interosseous muscle (FDI), PMSP duration increased in linear proportion to stimulus intensity, but not to the size of the preceding MEP. The PMSP was(More)
Surface EMG responses (MEPs) were recorded from the relaxed first dorsal interosseous (FDI) of 16 normal subjects following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the hand area of the primary motor cortex. These test responses were conditioned by a subthreshold stimulus applied 2-15 ms beforehand over a range of anterior or medial sites. Stimuli(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate possible functional asymmetries of the motor cortex on the hand-dominant versus the non-dominant hemisphere. METHODS We assessed the handedness of 15 consenting volunteers using the Edinburgh Inventory. They were divided in two groups: 9 right-handers and 6 left-handers. We used single- and paired-transcranial magnetic stimulation(More)
While motor cortical areas are the main targets of the integrative activity of basal ganglia, their main output consists of the corticospinal system. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a relatively new method to investigate corticospinal physiology, has been widely used to assess possible changes secondary to Parkinson's disease (PD). The use of(More)
We studied the EMG potentials evoked in the bilateral first dorsal interosseus muscle by electromagnetic stimulation of the corticomotoneuronal descending system in 10 Parkinson's disease patients and in 10 age- and sex-matched normal controls. We selected patients who did not have tremor but had predominant rigidity with asymmetric body involvement. On the(More)
Background In the nineties, there has been evidence that motor evoked potential (MEP) studies might improve the diagnosis of psychogenic paralysis. Objective To review a series of patients (1986–1999) who finally had a diagnosis of psychogenic paralysis at our Institutions. To detect if, over that period, the time taken to make the diagnosis had changed,(More)
OBJECTIVES Disease manifestations such as photic cortical reflex myoclonus or myoclonus due to intermittent light stimulation rely on a pathologic interaction between non-structured visual inputs and the corticospinal system. We wanted to assess the normal interaction, if any, between a prior photic input and the output of the cortico-motoneuron connection.(More)
We explored the action of chronic valproic acid (VPA) on the human epileptic cortex by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). TMS is an emerging biomarker for neurotropic drugs. We had 15 drug-naive patients with different epileptic syndromes. Interictally, we measured several TMS indexes of cortical excitability before commencing VPA and 3(More)
PURPOSE To assess whether single-and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can measure the interictal brain excitability of medicated patients with cryptogenic localization related epilepsy (CLE). Changes in the balance between excitation and inhibition are the core phenomena in focal epileptogenesis. TMS can assess this balance in the(More)
In 20 patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy who showed typical 3-Hz spike-and-wave (SW) EEG complexes, we studied the corticospinal motor output with a transcranial electromagnetic stimulator. First we measured the corticospinal discharge threshold for both hemispheres in the patient group and compared it with that of 10 age- and sex-matched(More)