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Interrelations among plasma renin activity (PRA), aldosterone and cortisole levels, 0lood volume, exchangeable sodium, urinary catecholamines, and blood pressure were studied in 35 normal subjects and 60 age-matched non-azotemic patients with diabetes mellitus (60% with hypertension, 15% with orthostatic hypotension). Basal PRA, plasma aldosterone,(More)
Hypertension accompanying diabetes mellitus may involve abnormalities in at least two major blood pressure-regulating systems: the body sodium-fluid volume state and cardiovascular reactivity. In metabolically stable nonazotemic diabetes, exchangeable sodium is increased by 10% on average, regardless of age, insulin dependence or nondependence, or the(More)
Fourteen patients with untreated mild to moderate essential hypertension had, on average, an abnormally high cardiovascular reactivity to exogenous noradrenaline and angiotensin II, while plasma noradrenaline, renin activity, exchangeable body sodium, and blood volume were normal. Treatment with a low dose of indapamide (2.5 mg/day) for 6 weeks decreased(More)
Among eight patients with unilateral hydronephrosis and hypertension, peripheral plasma renin activity was normal in seven and borderline high in one. Four patients had hydronephrotic/contralateral kidney renin ratios of greater than 1.5, suggesting excessive renin release from the diseased kidney, and ratios between contralateral kidney and peripheral(More)
The effect of acute hypercalcemia on blood pressure, blood volume, hemodynamic parameters, plasma norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine, renin, and aldosterone concentrations was investigated. After 1 hour of equilibration, 10 patients received an infusion of calcium gluconate in 5% dextrose (calcium 15 mg/kg of body wt in 3 hours). The calcium infusion(More)
Twenty-three patients with untreated mild to moderate essential hypertension had on the average an abnormally increased cardiovascular pressor responsiveness to exogenous norepinephrine (NE), while plasma and urinary NE, exchangeable body sodium and blood volume were normal. An increased pressor responsiveness to angiotensin II in these patients was(More)
UNLABELLED Various blood pressure (BP)-regulating factors were assessed before and after 4 weeks of selective norepinephrine (NE) inhibition with the sympathetic neurone blocker, debrisoquine, in nine hypertensive, nine normotensive hemodialysis patients (HDP), and 11 normal subjects. On placebo, hypertensive HDP had an increased total blood volume (P less(More)
Pressor responses to norepinephrine (NE) or angiotensin II (AII) were studied in 27 diabetic patients without heart or renal failure and in 27 normal subjects. Mean plasma or 24-hour urinary sodium, blood volume and preinfusion plasma NE levels were similar in diabetic and normal subjects; exchangeable sodium was higher (p less than 0.02) and preinfusion(More)
1. Diabetes mellitus is associated with high body sodium, but the pathogenetic mechanism is still unknown. The possibility that an abnormal renal handling of sodium, an abnormal responsiveness of sodium-modulating factors or a shift in the set point for sodium metabolism may contribute to or be associated with sodium retention was tested with an acute(More)