Carlo B. Ramirez

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With the constant advent of new developments and modifications in immunosuppressive regimens, clinicians are responsible for providing pregnancy counseling to all pre and posttransplant recipients of childbearing age. As individual physicians and centers accrue experience with these major therapeutic decisions, it is critical that both positive and negative(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence, radiologic features, and clinical significance of bile duct filling defects (BDFDs) in liver transplant recipients studied with cholangiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS During 13 years, 4,100 cholangiograms were obtained in 1,650 patients. All studies showing BDFD suggestive of stones, sludge, cast, or necrotic debris(More)
Women constitute >30% of patients undergoing liver transplantation (orthotopic liver transplantation, OLT) and about 8% are of reproductive age, and 5% are pediatric females who will mostly survive into adulthood and will consider pregnancy. Although pregnancy in OLT recipients is associated with an increased incidence of hypertension, preeclampsia, anemia,(More)
Induction with the use of interleukin-2 receptor monoclonal antibodies may avoid many of the adverse events associated with polyclonal antibodies and significantly impact on rejection-free long-term survival in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx). We describe our experience with the use of basiliximab induction therapy in adult OLTx recipients on(More)
BACKGROUND Post-transplant gastrointestinal (GI) side effects can impair a patient's quality of life (QoL). This study investigates the improvement in GI side effects and related QoL changes in recipients of liver transplantation (OLT) after converting patients from mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) to enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS). METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Induction with the use of monoclonal antibodies targeting the alpha-chain (CD25) of the high-affinity IL2 receptor may avoid many of the adverse events associated with polyclonal antibodies and significantly impact on rejection-free long-term survival in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS Forty-two consecutive deceased donor(More)
Adiponectin has antidiabetic properties, and patients with obesity, diabetes, and insulin resistance have low plasma adiponectin levels. However, although kidney disease is associated with insulin resistance, adiponectin is elevated in end-stage renal disease. Here we determine whether adipose tissue production of adiponectin is increased in renal disease(More)
Acute hypotensive transfusion reactions are newly characterized transfusion reactions in which hypotension is the prominent feature. The pathophysiology of acute hypotensive transfusion reactions is related to the bradykinin function and its metabolism. A liver transplant recipient on treatment with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor developed(More)
The preimplantation kidney biopsy affects utilization by diagnosing glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis (IF), arteriosclerosis, and arteriolar hyalinosis. Organ procurement organizations (OPOs) determine whether a donor warrants this biopsy and the donor hospital pathologists (DHPs) report on an OPO-specific pathology interpretation form. Biopsy(More)