Carlo Antozzi

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Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is a rare but severe immune-mediated brain disorder leading to unilateral hemispheric atrophy, associated progressive neurological dysfunction and intractable seizures. Recent data on the pathogenesis of the disease, its clinical and paraclinical presentation, and therapeutic approaches are summarized. Based on these data, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the clinical and EEG features of the epileptic syndromes occurring in adult and infantile mitochondrial encephalopathies (ME). METHODS Thirty-one patients with recurrent and apparently unprovoked seizures associated with primary ME were included in the study. Diagnosis of ME was based on the recognition of a morphologic, biochemical,(More)
Azathioprine (Aza) has been used alone or in combination with steroids for two groups of myasthenic patients. Positive responses were noted in 75% of patients on Aza alone and in 70% receiving the combined regimen. The clinical course of the two groups differed in terms of respiratory crisis and need for plasma exchange. With an appropriate Aza(More)
Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (Kennedy disease) is an adult form of X-linked motor neuron disease caused by the expansion of a polymorphic CAG-repeat sequence in the first exon of the androgen receptor gene. We studied clinical and molecular features of 36 patients and 19 heterozygous females. Phenotypic manifestations and disease severity broadly(More)
Double-seronegative myasthenia gravis (dSN-MG, without detectable AChR and MuSK antibodies) presents a serious gap in MG diagnosis and understanding. Recently, autoantibodies against the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 (LRP4) have been identified in several dSN-MG sera, but with dramatic frequency variation (∼2-50%). We have developed a(More)
We report that long-term selective immunoglobulin G immunoadsorption by protein A (PAI) improved seizure frequency and neuropsychological deficits in a 16-year-old patient with severe treatment-resistant Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE). Clinical improvement correlated with reduction of antiglutamate receptor 3 antibodies. The efficacy of PAI in our patient(More)
We studied 197 patients with thymoma-associated myasthenia gravis (T-MG) to identify variables that can influence the natural history of the disease and the therapeutical approaches. Multivariate analysis showed that neither clinical nor pathological variables were associated with a better chance to reach complete stable remission. The video-assisted(More)
Different point mutations of the mitochondrial genome, which all affect the ability of mitochondria to translate their own genes and lead to partial defects of mtDNA-dependent respiratory complexes, are related to distinct clinical mitochondrial disorders. A new maternally inherited disorder, characterised by a combination of adult-onset myopathy and(More)
We studied 22 subjects carrying the A3243G point mutation of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). In 14 cases the clinical phenotype was characterized by mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), while 8 patients had chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO). The proportion of A3243G heteroplasmy in muscle was(More)
Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a rare condition characterized by drug-resistant seizures, recurrent status epilepticus and progressive lateralized neurological deterioration. There is evidence of autoimmune involvement in the pathogenesis. We investigated the presence of anti-GluR3 antibodies against peptides A and B in patients with RE (n=11), partial(More)