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The present study investigates the time course and pattern of movement representation recovery in the motor cortex during the recovery after a peripheral paralysis. To this end a transitory flaccid paralysis of the vibrissae muscle was induced in adult rats that underwent two unilateral injections of 8 U of botulinum toxin (BTX) into a vibrissal pad, at a(More)
The conservative or surgical treatment of Rockwood grade III acromioclavicular dislocations continues to be a controversial subject. Thus, the authors report their experience with 52 cases; long-term follow-up was obtained for 40 of these, paying close attention to the preoperative clinical and radiographic evaluation and to the results obtained in order to(More)
A multidisciplinary approach was followed to investigate whether the opioid-like peptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) regulates the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway and motor behavior. Nigrostriatal dopaminergic cells, which express N/OFQ peptide (NOP) receptors, are located in the substantia nigra pars compacta and extend their dendrites in the(More)
Polyethylene (PE) wear has been shown to be a problem in long-term joint replacement using metal-on-PE bearing. The use of metallic heads articulating with metallic cups could solve this problem: success will be enhanced if wear and corrosion of the articulating surfaces are maintained at a low level. New models with metal-on-metal bearing have been(More)
Systemic injections of kainic acid (KA) cause epileptic seizures with delayed neuronal damage in the limbic system, particularly in the hippocampus. KA excitotoxicity activates complex signal transduction events that trigger apoptotic cell death. The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway plays an important role in cell death, and the peptide D-JNKI1, a(More)
The use of metallic heads articulating with metallic cups could solve the problem of polyethylene (PE) wear in total hip replacement (THR) with metal-on-PE bearings. A conspicuous release of metal ions from new models of metal-on-metal bearings has been found in the short-term, but it is yet unclear whether the medium-term corrosion rate is high or, on the(More)
Neurons containing the hypothalamic peptides orexin-A (hypocretin 1) and melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) have been reported numerous roles in the regulation of the sleep-wake cycle, energy balance and feeding behavior. We investigated the response of these cells to repeated administration of low doses of endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice. Adult(More)
Over the last decade, the use of ultrasounds has been developed into an effective tool for investigating bone tissue and predicting the risk of fracture in osteoporosis. Studies have focused on hip and vertebral fractures while no information is available on the use of phalangeal ultrasonography to identify patients with forearm fractures. Thus, the current(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the initial strength and failure mode of different rotator cuff repair techniques. BACKGROUND Full or partial re-rupture of the repair is one of the main post-operative complications for rotator cuff repair. The rate of failure is strongly affected by the extension of the tear, increasing in case of large or massive tears(More)
Beta-amyloid accumulation in brain is a driving force for Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) represents a critical player in beta-amyloid homeostasis, but its role in disease progression is controversial. We previously reported that the acute-phase protein haptoglobin binds ApoE and impairs its function in cholesterol homeostasis. The(More)