BACKGROUND Less than optimal reproductive conditions may be associated with a secondary sex ratio biased towards females. Body weight represents a critical determinant of reproduction. Accordingly, we evaluated whether preconception body weight and weight gain during pregnancy influence the sex ratio of human offspring. METHODS A retrospective study was… (More)
Codeine and morphine have been detected in mammalian brain by radioimmunoassay (RIA), and in brain and other tissues by gas-chromatography/mass-spectrometry (GCMS) in different laboratories. It has been also shown that rat liver can synthesize the skeleton of the morphine molecule, thus suggesting that this alkaloid, which is the prototype of mu-receptor… (More)
By immunocytochemistry, substance P immunoreactive (SP-IR) and vasoactive intestinal peptide immunoreactive (VIP-IR) nerve fibers were examined in guinea pig mesenteric lymph collectors. The immunoreactive nerve fibers, located in the adventitia of lymphatics, were few and were irregularly distributed along the vessel wall. These fibers appeared to be more… (More)
The long-term effects of orthodontic appliances in the oral environment and the subsequent leaching of metals are relatively unknown. A method for determining the effects of various types of soldering and welding, both of which in turn could lead to leaching of metal ions, on the growth of osteoblasts, fibroblasts, and oral keratinocytes in vitro, is… (More)
We investigated lymphatic morphology and expression of endothelin (ET-1) axis molecules in human eyelids affected by an inflammatory state (chalazion) and an age-related degenerative condition (dermatochalasis). Lymphatics were immunohistologically detected by D2-40/LYVE-1 staining. Absorbing lymphatic vessels were localized in papillary dermis and around… (More)
The authors report a histological and electron-microscopic study of the peripheral nerve in two cases of ataxia-telangiectasia showing fiber loss, storage material in Schwann cells and nuclear changes. Nuclear changes are the most typical finding and are correlated with the primary metabolic disorder of DNA repair.