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Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) prognosis is strictly related to well-established clinicopathological parameters which have unfortunately become insufficient in the prognostic evaluation of this type of cancer. As p53 and bcl-2 gene deregulations are frequently involved in several types of epithelial malignancies, we investigated the Bcl-2 and p53(More)
Epidemiologic data have strongly indicated that cigarette smoking is linked to the development of lung cancer. However, little is known of the molecular targets of carcinogens contained in tobacco smoke. To identify genetic lesions characteristic of tobacco damage, we undertook a molecular analysis of microsatellite alterations within the FHIT gene and(More)
The growth of newly formed vessels, or neoangiogenesis, represents an important step in both physiological and pathological situations: in particular, tumour growth and metastasis require angiogenesis. Microvessel count (MC), which represents a measure of tumour angiogenesis, has been associated with metastatic spread in cutaneous, mammary, prostatic, head(More)
Alterations of p53 are one of the most common molecular changes found in all types of lung tumors, suggesting a crucial role for p53 in bronchial carcinogenesis. However, the prognostic significance of p53 abnormalities in lung cancer patients is still unclear. By using genetic and immunohistochemical methods we have found p53 alterations in 40 of 53 (75%)(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, robots have been introduced into surgical procedures in an attempt to facilitate surgical performance. The purpose of this study was to develop a technique to perform thoracoscopic lung resection using a telemanipulation system. METHODS We have used a robotic system to perform thoracoscopic surgery in 12 cases: five lobectomies, three(More)
Patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are typically treated with surgical resection alone. However, about one-third of such patients develop disease recurrence and die within 5 years after complete resection. The ability to predict recurrence could represent an important contribution to treatment planning. This study evaluates the(More)
Fifty-three non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC), previously investigated for p53 abnormalities, were studied to evaluate the status of the mdm2 gene by Southern and Northern blot analysis and expression of the mdm2 protein by immunohistochemistry with specific monoclonal antibodies. Amplification and overexpression of the mdm2 gene and nuclear(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and the role of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) technique in patients with early non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS This study was carried out on 29 consecutive patients (M/F = 24:5, mean age 65.9 +/- 7.1 years) with resectable NSCLC (Stage IA-IB). Intraoperative injection with a(More)
Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) is a particular type of adenocarcinoma of the lung which accounts for up to 9 per cent of pulmonary malignancies. The aetiology and pathogenesis of this unique neoplastic disease are still unclear. Three histological subtypes of BAC have been recognized: mucinous, non-mucinous, and sclerosing. Of these, mucinous and(More)
OBJECTIVE Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is an interesting and emerging procedure for diagnosis and treatment of peripheral pulmonary nodules. However, thoracoscopy has limits in the detection of small nodules, below the pleural surface, deep in the lung parenchyma, which cannot be seen as much as palpated. Methods to localize such lesions,(More)