Learn More
AIMS Altered blood flow affects vascular tone, attracts inflammatory cells, and leads to microvascular remodelling. We tested the hypothesis that inflammation facilitates the remodelling response, but that vascular tone determines its direction (inward or outward). METHODS AND RESULTS Mouse mesenteric resistance arteries were ligated to create either(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) levels are consistently elevated in patients with severe pneumonia and sepsis and highly predictive for an unfavorable outcome. In addition, pneumonia is associated with strongly elevated PAI-1 levels in the pulmonary compartment. However, whether PAI-1 causally affects antibacterial host defense in vivo(More)
OBJECTIVE Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease in which macrophage activation and lipid loading play a crucial role. In this study, we investigated expression and function of the NR4A nuclear receptor family, comprising Nur77 (NR4A1, TR3), Nurr1 (NR4A2), and NOR-1 (NR4A3) in human macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS Nur77, Nurr1, and NOR-1 are(More)
BACKGROUND Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) play a key role in intimal thickening in atherosclerosis and restenosis. The precise signaling pathways by which the proliferation of SMCs is regulated are largely unknown. The TR3 orphan receptor, the mitogen-induced nuclear orphan receptor (MINOR), and the nuclear receptor of T cells (NOT) are a subfamily of(More)
Chronic changes in blood flow induce an adaptation of vascular caliber. Thus, arteries show inward remodeling after a reduction in blood flow. We hypothesized that this remodeling depends on the crosslinking enzyme tissue-type transglutaminase (tTG). Flow-dependent remodeling was studied in wild-type (WT) and tTG-null mice using a surgically imposed change(More)
Increased interferon (IFN)-β signaling in patients with insufficient coronary collateralization and an inhibitory effect of IFNβ on collateral artery growth in mice have been reported. The mechanisms of IFNβ-induced inhibition of arteriogenesis are unknown. In stimulated monocytes from patients with chronic total coronary artery occlusion and decreased(More)
AIMS Structural adaptation of the vessel wall in response to sustained alterations in haemodynamic forces is known as vascular remodelling. Detailed knowledge on the mechanism underlying this vascular response is limited, and we aimed to study the function of Nur77 in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in arterial remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS Carotid artery(More)
Allergic asthma is characterized by persistent chronic airway inflammation, which leads to mucus hypersecretion and airway hyperresponsiveness. Nuclear receptor Nur77 plays a pivotal role in distinct immune and inflammatory cells and is expressed in eosinophils and lung epithelium. However, the role of Nur77 in allergic airway inflammation has not been(More)
A number of nuclear receptors are involved in maintenance of normal vessel wall physiology as well as in pathophysiological processes such as atherosclerosis, restenosis and remodelling. Recent studies revealed a previously unrecognized function of the NR4A subfamily of nuclear receptors as key regulatory proteins in vascular disease. The NR4A subfamily(More)
Activin A alters the characteristics of human arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) toward a contractile, quiescent phenotype. We hypothesize that activin A may prevent SMC-rich neointimal hyperplasia. Here, we study the effect of adenovirus-mediated expression of activin A on neointima formation in vitro and in vivo. Human saphenous vein organ cultures, in(More)