Carleton Thomas Vangsness

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Sixty 10-mm bone-patellar tendon-bone allografts from young human donors were placed into four test groups, a control fresh-frozen group and three fresh-frozen irradiated groups. The irradiated groups were exposed to 2.0, 3.0, or 4.0 Mrad of gamma irradiation. The specimens were tested to tensile failure. The initial biomechanical strength of fresh-frozen(More)
We studied the effects of several different doses of gamma radiation, ranging from 20,000 to 40,000 gray (2.0 to 4.0 megarad), with respect to the inactivation of the human immunodeficiency virus in fresh-frozen, whole bone-patellar ligament-bone grafts. Although the International Atomic Energy Agency has recommended the use of 25,000 gray of gamma(More)
We reviewed 35 of 38 consecutive patients who had operative treatment for medial epicondylitis of the elbow after the failure of conservative management. Their mean age was 43 years and mean follow-up was 85 months. At operation residual tears with incomplete healing were consistently found in the flexor origin at the medial epicondyle and microscopy showed(More)
We have reviewed our recent results with functional bracing of tibial shaft fractures in adults in order to define its role in management. We also analysed several parameters of these fractures to discover those which influence healing. A total of 780 tibial fractures treated in prefabricated functional braces were followed to union; shortening of less than(More)
Forty adults with closed diaphyseal femoral fractures and no previous knee injury were prospectively studied to determine the incidence of concomitant ipsilateral extra- and intraarticular knee injury. After intramedullary nailing, examination under anesthesia and arthroscopy were performed. The mechanism of injury was high-energy trauma. Femoral fixation(More)
BACKGROUND There are limited treatment options for tissue restoration and the prevention of degenerative changes in the knee. Stem cells have been a focus of intense preclinical research into tissue regeneration but limited clinical investigation. In a randomized, double-blind, controlled study, the safety of the intra-articular injection of human(More)
The cellular properties of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) fibroblasts have been analyzed in a three-dimensional fibrin matrix gel (FMG) system. The MCL fibroblasts proliferated significantly faster than ACL fibroblasts in 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). FMG contraction resembles soft-tissue wound contraction.(More)
We studied 47 patients with closed, displaced, diaphyseal fractures of the femur caused by blunt trauma, to determine the incidence of associated knee injuries, particularly of the meniscus. After femoral nailing, all patients had an examination under anaesthesia and an arthroscopy. There were 12 medial meniscal injuries (5 tears) and 13 injuries of the(More)
Allografts are commonly used during sports medicine surgical procedures in the United States, and their frequency of use is increasing. Based on surgeon reports, it is estimated that more than 60 000 allografts were used in knee surgeries by members of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine in 2005. In the United States, there are governmental(More)
From 1982 to 1987 we treated 85 extra-articular comminuted distal third humeral fractures in adults with prefabricated plastic braces. Of these, 15% were open fractures and 18% had initial peripheral nerve injury. On average, the sleeve was applied 12 days after injury and used for 10 weeks. There was 96% union, with no infections. All nerve injuries(More)