Carlene A. Hamilton

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BACKGROUND Some patients referred for pharmacological stress testing with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) are unable to undergo testing owing to poor acoustic windows. Fast cine MRI can be used to assess left ventricular contraction, but its utility for detection of myocardial ischemia in patients poorly suited for echocardiography is unknown. (More)
BACKGROUND Increased vascular superoxide anion (.O(2)(-)) production contributes to endothelial dysfunction and hypertension in animal models of cardiovascular disease. Observations in experimental animals suggest that angiotensin II (Ang II) increases.O(2)(-) production by activation of vascular NAD(P)H oxidase. We studied the sources of.O(2)(-) production(More)
The hypothesis that the decreased nitric oxide (NO) availability observed in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (SHRSP) is due to excess superoxide (O2-) was examined. O2- generation, measured by lucigenin chemiluminescence, was studied in 12- to 16-week male and female Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and SHRSP. In addition, expression of the gene(More)
A multitude of studies in experimental animals, together with clinical data, provide evidence that increased production of ROS (reactive oxygen species) are involved in the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. As ROS appear to have a critical role in atherosclerosis, there has been considerable interest in identifying the enzyme systems(More)
Human essential hypertension is a classic example of a complex, multifactorial, polygenic disease with a substantial genetic influence in which the underlying genetic components remain unknown. The stroke-prone spontaneously hypertension rat (SHRSP) is a well-characterized experimental model for essential hypertension and endothelial dysfunction. Previous(More)
There is evidence in humans that hypertension and aging similarly impair endothelial function, although the mechanism remains unclear. Superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) is a major determinant of nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and thus endothelial function. We sought to determine the relationship between endothelial function, O(2)(-), and age in normotensive(More)
We undertook these studies to determine whether a deficient nitric oxide production in genetically hypertensive rats could result from its being scavenged by an excess production of superoxide. In one study we used a porphyrinic microsensor to measure nitric oxide concentrations released by cultured endothelial cells from stroke-prone spontaneously(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine if cardiac cycle-dependent changes in proximal thoracic aortic area and distensibility are associated with exercise intolerance in elderly patients with diastolic heart failure (DHF). BACKGROUND Aortic compliance declines substantially with age. We hypothesized that a reduction in cardiac cycle-dependent(More)
A deficiency of nitric oxide may be responsible for the increased vascular resistance associated with human essential hypertension and that seen in animal models of hypertension. Premenopausal females are relatively protected from hypertension and cardiovascular complications. Levels of superoxide can influence the availability of nitric oxide. We(More)
Gene transfer may be appropriate for therapeutic protocols targeted at the vascular endothelium. Endothelial dysfunction is the principal phenotype associated with atherosclerosis and hypertension. Oxidative stress has been implicated in the development of endothelial dysfunction. We have explored the ability of overexpressing anti-oxidant genes (superoxide(More)