Carla de Giovanni

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The ability of interleukin (IL)-12 to prevent tumors when administered to individuals with a genetic risk of cancer was studied in two lines of transgenic mice expressing rat HER-2/neu oncogene in the mammary gland. Female BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice carrying the activated HER-2/ neu oncogene show no morphological abnormalities of the mammary gland until 3 wk of(More)
This study evaluated the ability of cytokine-engineered allogeneic (H-2(q)) HER-2/neu-positive cells to prevent tumor development in mammary cancer-prone virgin female BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice transgenic for the transforming rat HER-2/neu oncogene (BALB-neuT mice). Repeated vaccinations with cells engineered to release interleukin (IL)-2, IL-12, IL-15, or(More)
We studied the human embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma cell line RD and 8 derivatives obtained in our laboratory either by cell cloning or by culturing in vitro cells from tumors or secondaries grown in nude mice. The expression of desmin and of the embryonic isoform of myosin and the formation of multinuclear myotube-like structures were studied as specific(More)
IGF-IR plays an essential role in the establishment and maintenance of the transformed phenotype of ES cells and interference with the IGF-IR pathways causes reversal of the malignant potential of this neoplasm. In this report, we stably transfected a dominant negative IGF-IR expression plasmid in an ES cell line to determine the effectiveness of this(More)
Mitochondrial DNA mutations are currently investigated as modifying factors impinging on tumor growth and aggressiveness, having been found in virtually all cancer types and most commonly affecting genes encoding mitochondrial complex I (CI) subunits. However, it is still unclear whether they exert a pro- or anti-tumorigenic effect. We here analyzed the(More)
The effect of various antineoplastic drugs (1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine, 5-azacytidine, cisplatin, dactinomycin, epirubicin, vincristine, and the activated metabolite of cyclophosphamide, mafosfamide) on cell differentiation in vitro was investigated using a human alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma cell clone, RMZ-RC2. These cells are able to differentiate(More)
The transforming rat Her-2/neu oncogene embedded into the genome of virgin transgenic BALB/c mice (BALB-neuT) provokes the development of an invasive carcinoma in each of their 10 mammary glands. i.m. vaccination with DNA plasmids coding for the extracellular and transmembrane domains of the protein product of the Her-2/neu oncogene started when mice(More)
Multidrug resistant variants of two human osteosarcoma cell lines (U-2 OS and Saos-2) were selected by continuous exposure to doxorubicin. The in vitro and in vivo growth characteristics of these sublines as well as the expression of osteoblastic markers and of some surface antigens were analyzed. Resistant variants showed a higher doubling time and a lower(More)
DRAL is a four and a half LIM domain protein identified because of its differential expression between normal human myoblasts and the malignant counterparts, rhabdomyosarcoma cells. In the current study, we demonstrate that transcription of the DRAL gene can be stimulated by p53, since transient expression of functional p53 in rhabdomyosarcoma cells as well(More)
CD40, a membrane glycoprotein of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family, is expressed by several tumor types, including B-cell lymphomas, carcinomas, and melanoma, but little is known concerning its expression by sarcoma. We used flow cytometry to analyze the expression of CD40 in human cell lines derived from 12 osteosarcomas, 6 Ewing's sarcomas, and 5(More)