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Plasticity of visual systems after early brain damage has been extensively studied in animal models but poorly documented in children after visual pathway lesions. This report describes the visual recovery of a male child who had a bilateral occipital lobe infarction at the age of 2 years 6 months, 10 days after colon resection for Hirschsprung disease. In(More)
AIM Cognitive visual dysfunctions (CVDs) reflect an impairment of the capacity to process visual information. The question of whether CVDs might be classifiable according to the nature and distribution of the underlying brain damage is an intriguing one in child neuropsychology. METHOD We studied 22 children born preterm (12 males, 10 females; mean age at(More)
Visual and auditory saccades were studied in three patients with an isolated lesion located in the central thalamus. Visual saccades proved to be normal, whereas for auditory stimuli, the amplitude of the first saccade was asymmetric: saccades ipsilateral to the lesion were significantly smaller than those directed to the contralateral side. The patients(More)
The authors report ten cases of multiple meningiomas in a series of 227 intracranial meningiomas from 1977 to 1984. The incidence of multiple meningiomas was 4.4% (according to Cushing and Eisenhardt's [1938] concept of "multiplicity" of such tumours). These results are comparable to those obtained by other authors. All patients were females and all(More)
BACKGROUND Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) refers to a monophasic acute multifocal inflammatory CNS disease. However, both relapsing and site-restricted variants, possibly associated with peripheral nervous system (PNS) involvement, are also observed, and a systematic classification is lacking. OBJECTIVE To describe a cohort of postinfectious(More)
Randomized Controlled Trials have not let established the best pharmacological management of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM). High dose steroids are usually employed with good results, but in a few cases the clinical outcome is poor. In other patients, particularly those affected by the site restricted ADEM variants (myelitis), the disease shows(More)
Parry-Romberg syndrome or progressive facial hemiatrophy (PFH) is a rare disease of unknown etiology characterized by atrophy of the skin and subcutaneous tissue on one side of the face. The authors present the case of a 32-year-old woman with PFH who had migraine and an intracranial aneurysm. The findings support the hypothesis that the disease could be(More)
We set out to define visuo-perceptual impairment related to periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) using the Developmental Test of Visual Perception (DTVP). Correlations were sought between visual-perceptual deficits and DTVP profile and neuroradiological and neurophthalmological findings. The DTVP was administered to 20 children (m/f: 10/10), aged between 5(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) with reduced glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG) are a heterogeneous group of conditions associated with mutations in six genes encoding proven or putative glycosyltransferases. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence of mutations in the six genes in the Italian population(More)
Mutations in POMT1 and POMT2 genes were originally identified in Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and subsequently reported in patients with milder phenotypes characterised by mental retardation with or without brain abnormalities and without ocular malformations. As part of a multicentric Italian study we screened the POMT1 and POMT2 genes in 61 congenital(More)