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BACKGROUND Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) refers to a monophasic acute multifocal inflammatory CNS disease. However, both relapsing and site-restricted variants, possibly associated with peripheral nervous system (PNS) involvement, are also observed, and a systematic classification is lacking. OBJECTIVE To describe a cohort of postinfectious(More)
The aim of this study was to propose a quantitative MR protocol with very short acquisition time and good reliability in volume construction, for the evaluation of body composition in patients affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). This MR protocol was compared with common anthropometric evaluations of the same patients. Nine boys affected by DMD,(More)
AIM Cognitive visual dysfunctions (CVDs) reflect an impairment of the capacity to process visual information. The question of whether CVDs might be classifiable according to the nature and distribution of the underlying brain damage is an intriguing one in child neuropsychology. METHOD We studied 22 children born preterm (12 males, 10 females; mean age at(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between resting energy expenditure (REE) and body composition in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). DESIGN An observational study. SETTING University Research Centre. SUBJECTS Nine Duchenne children (age range 6-12 y), mean relative weight 128%, agreed to undergo the investigation and all of them completed the(More)
Plasticity of visual systems after early brain damage has been extensively studied in animal models but poorly documented in children after visual pathway lesions. This report describes the visual recovery of a male child who had a bilateral occipital lobe infarction at the age of 2 years 6 months, 10 days after colon resection for Hirschsprung disease. In(More)
Visual and auditory saccades were studied in three patients with an isolated lesion located in the central thalamus. Visual saccades proved to be normal, whereas for auditory stimuli, the amplitude of the first saccade was asymmetric: saccades ipsilateral to the lesion were significantly smaller than those directed to the contralateral side. The patients(More)
Sirs: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), or Devic’s syndrome, has been regarded as a variant of multiple sclerosis (MS) [5]. However, some clinical, CSF and MRI features indicate that NMO could be a distinct disease entity [1, 2, 7–11]. Although there has been debate regarding NMO aetiology, it is likely that the mechanism for myelin tissue damage is immunological(More)
We report the spectrum of muscle involvement on magnetic resonance imaging in 11 patients with a molecularly confirmed diagnosis of adult-onset acid maltase deficiency at different clinical stages. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging showed a selective progressive pattern of muscle involvement with a constant involvement of the adductor magnus and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To date, few studies have focused specifically on imaging findings in Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS). We set out to evaluate retrospectively neuroradiologic data from a large sample of patients with AGS, focusing on the pattern of white matter abnormalities and the temporal evolution of the cerebral involvement to establish the(More)
The authors report ten cases of multiple meningiomas in a series of 227 intracranial meningiomas from 1977 to 1984. The incidence of multiple meningiomas was 4.4% (according to Cushing and Eisenhardt's [1938] concept of "multiplicity" of such tumours). These results are comparable to those obtained by other authors. All patients were females and all(More)