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Polypeptide growth factors are important effectors of cell growth and differentiation in vitro and are thought to be critical for processes such as specification of cell fate, tissue growth and organogenesis in vivo. Scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF) is the prototype of an emerging family of growth factors that resemble in their domain(More)
Individuals with high functioning autism (HFA) or Asperger Syndrome (AS) exhibit difficulties in the knowledge or correct performance of social skills. This subgroup's social difficulties appear to be associated with deficits in three social cognition processes: theory of mind, emotion recognition and executive functioning. The current study outlines the(More)
CD20 is an important target for the treatment of B-cell malignancies, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma as well as autoimmune disorders. B-cell depletion therapy using monoclonal antibodies against CD20, such as rituximab, has revolutionized the treatment of these disorders, greatly improving overall survival in patients. Here, we report the development of(More)
Cyclic GMP formation in the rat pinealocyte has generally been thought to involve guanylate cyclases (GC) which are activated via GTP-regulatory proteins following beta 1-adrenergic receptor stimulation. Recent studies have also pointed to a cytosolic GC in these cells whose activity can be elevated by nitric oxide donors. Little attention has been paid to(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of cyclic uniaxial mechanical strain on a human osteoblastic precursor cell line (hFOB 1.19) in three-dimensional type I collagen matrices. Cell seeded collagen constructs were mechanically stretched by a daily application of cyclic uniaxial strain using a special motor-driven apparatus and compared(More)
In addition to standard MS-based protein identification, quantification of proteins by mass spectrometry (MS) is rapidly gaining acceptance in proteomic studies. MS-based quantification involves either the incorporation of stable isotopes or can be performed label-free. Recently, more attention has been devoted to label-free quantification; however, this(More)
Many cellular processes are driven by protein complexes. Although the identification of protein components in such complexes has become almost a routine matter, accurate determination of their stoichiometry within a protein complex is still a challenge. We have established a method to determine the stoichiometries of protein complexes using absolute(More)
N-Acetylneuraminic acid is the most prominent sialic acid in eukaryotes. The structural diversity of sialic acid is exploited by viruses, bacteria, and toxins and by the sialoglycoproteins and sialoglycolipids involved in cell-cell recognition in their highly specific recognition and binding to cellular receptors. The physiological precursor of all sialic(More)
Commercially pure titanium (cpTi), titanium alloys, and steel are often used for dental and orthopedic implants. In these applications titanium is considered the "gold standard." However, tissue reactions around titanium implants and the changing trend to leave orthopedic devices in the body have led to a new examination of the preferred material. This in(More)
OBJECT To study intervertebral disc cell mechanobiology, the authors developed experimental systems that allow the application of cyclic strain and intermittent hydrostatic pressure (IHP) on isolated disc cells under equal three-dimensional (3D) culture conditions. The purpose of the study was to characterize disc cell proliferation, viability, morphology,(More)