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We compared serum lipid profiles and glucose tolerance of obese and lean chimpanzees maintained on a 10.9% fat diet. Seven of 14 obese and 6 of 17 lean chimpanzees were hypercholesterolemic (low density lipoprotein cholesterol > 160 mg/dl), three obese and three lean animals had total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratios of 5.9-10.7, and(More)
Female spotted hyenas are highly masculinized at birth and have no external vagina. Copulation with males and birth of young are accomplished through the central urogenital canal of the clitoris. This unusual adaptation requires remarkable changes in the elasticity of the connective tissues of the clitoris, without which neither copulation nor birth would(More)
We measured the concentrations of relaxin (Rlx), progesterone, and estradiol-17 beta in serum samples obtained twice or three times weekly from marmosets during the estrous cycle and pregnancy. The cyclic patterns and concentrations of progesterone and estradiol-17 beta were similar to those reported by previous investigators. Rlx was not detected in(More)
Increasing interest in the use of phytochemicals to reduce prostate cancer led us to investigate 2 potential agents, curcumin and resveratrol as preventive agents. However, there is concern about the bioavailability of these agents pertinent to the poor absorption and thereby limiting its clinical use. With the view to improve their bioavailability, we used(More)
PURPOSE Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs mediate anticancer effects by modulating cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-dependent and/or COX-2-independent mechanism(s); however, the toxicity issue is a concern with single agents at higher doses. In this study, we determined the combined effect of celecoxib, a COX-2 inhibitor, along with exisulind (sulindac(More)
We examined the hypothesis that nontoxic concentrations of selenium induce apoptosis and growth inhibition selectively in prostate cancer cells but not in benign prostate cells. Nontumorigenic BPH-1 prostate epithelial cells, androgen-sensitive LNCaP, and androgen-independent PC-3 prostate cancer cells were exposed to sodium selenite at 1 to 10 micromol/l(More)
IMPORTANCE Soy consumption has been suggested to reduce risk or recurrence of prostate cancer, but this has not been tested in a randomized trial with prostate cancer as the end point. OBJECTIVE To determine whether daily consumption of a soy protein isolate supplement for 2 years reduces the rate of biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer after radical(More)
Levels of serum relaxin were measured by a specific RIA and correlated with serum patterns of estradiol-17 beta, progesterone, LH, or cCG during a single menstrual cycle in each of 10 female chimpanzees, and throughout 24 pregnancies in 21 chimpanzees. Significant concentrations of relaxin, higher than those reported for the human being, were detected in(More)
Etiocholanolone (5beta-androstan-3alpha-ol-17-one; designated E) is one of the major products of metabolism of testosterone and androstenedione (androst-4-ene-3,17-dione) in many mammalian species, including humans. E and several other 5beta-reduced steroids have been found to induce fever in humans. The pyrogenic effect of these steroids has been shown to(More)
The concentrations of LH, total estrogens, and pregnanediol 3 alpha-glucuronide (PdG) were determined by specific radioimmunoassays on daily overnight urine samples obtained in 13 menstrual cycles of six adult female chimpanzees during the periods of increasing, maximal, and decreasing tumescence of the perineal sex skin. The peaks of estrogens and LH and(More)