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OBJECTIVES Recently, jawbone osteonecrosis has been reported as a potential adverse effect of bisphosphonates administration. This paper considers and highlights histopathologic and radiologic features of this condition. STUDY DESIGN Eleven patients, owing to unresponsiveness to conservative treatment and uncontrollable pain, underwent surgical resection(More)
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to quantify the intercellular relationships between osteoblasts and osteocytes on the growing endosteal surfaces of the medullary canal of the tibia in four rabbits of different ages. The area of each osteoblast was measured on the SEM micrographs by means of an Image Analyzer. The number of osteocyte cytoplasmic(More)
Ultrastructural studies were carried out on intercellular relationships during osteocyte differentiation in primary parallel-fibred bone of newborn rabbit. It was found that throughout the whole differentiative process preosteocytes are in close relationship with the neighboring cells (osteoblasts, osteocytes) by means of variously-shaped intercellular(More)
The morphological changes undergone by the osteoblast at the ultrastructural level, during its differentiation into osteocyte, were studied in the primary parallel-fibred bone of the newborn rabbit by means of incomplete three-dimensional reconstruction from partially serial-sectioned preosteocytes. The findings obtained suggest that the formation of(More)
Osteocyte canalicular density (OCD) was evaluated at different levels of the wall of human secondary osteons, in subjects of different ages, to find out whether any correlation exists between the extension of the canalicular network and the exponential decrement of the appositional growth rate (AGR), which has been shown to occur during osteon formation.(More)
The onset and development of intramembranous ossification centers in the cranial vault and around the shaft of long bones in five newborn rabbits and six chick embryos were studied by light (LM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Two subsequent different types of bone formation were observed. We respectively named them static and dynamic(More)
The involvement of osteocytes in multiple myeloma (MM)-induced osteoclast (OCL) formation and bone lesions is still unknown. Osteocytes regulate bone remodelling at least partially, as a result of their cell death triggering OCL recruitment. In this study, we found that the number of viable osteocytes was significantly smaller in MM patients than in healthy(More)
A comparative histomorphometric study was carried out on the extension of lacunocanalicular network in two types of bone tissue (woven and parallel-fibered) in shaft bones of various animals (Frog, Chicken, Rabbit, Bovine, Horse, Dog, Man), with the aim to understand whether the distribution of osteocyte network is related to the organization of the(More)
The inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), produces nitric oxide (NO) from l-arginine in response to inflammatory stimuli. NO sub-serves different functions from cytotoxicity to neuroprotection and triggers either necrosis or apoptosis. This study shows by Northern blot analysis that during experimental allergic neuritis (EAN), at the beginning(More)
The shape, size and density of osteocyte lacunae in parallel-fibered and lamellar bone were histomorphometrically analyzed in relation to the organization of the collagen fiber texture and the animal species (frog, sheep, dog, bovine, horse and man). The following parameters were measured under the light microscope (LM) by a computer-assisted image(More)