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During a 6-h period in resting conditions, the blood concentrations at rest of cortisol, glucose and the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) varied spontaneously within physiological ranges in eight healthy male volunteers (24.5+/-1.7 years), without pulsatile changes, correlation among variables, or indications of stress response. The power of the 6.5-14.0(More)
The aim of this study was to address whether deficits in the central cholinergic activity may contribute to the increased difficulty to allocate attention during gait in the elderly with heightened risk of falls. We recruited 50 participants with a history of two or more falls (33 patients with Parkinson's Disease and 17 older adults) and 14 non-fallers(More)
Mirror visual feedback (MVF) therapy has been demonstrated to be successful in neurorehabilitation, probably inducing neuroplasticity changes in the primary motor cortex (M1). However, it is not known whether MVF training influences the hemispheric balance between the M1s. This topic is of extreme relevance when MVF training is applied to stroke(More)
To elucidate the role of ipsilateral motor cortex (M1) in the control of unilateral finger movements (UFMs) in humans we used a conditioning protocol of 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (1-Hz rTMS) over M1 in 11 right-handed healthy subjects. We analysed the effects of conditioning rTMS on UFMs of different complexity (simple vs sequential(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the time dynamics and phase relationship with the stimulus of the onset/offset visual evoked potentials (VEPs), P300 and gamma band oscillatory responses to visual (contrast) stimulation. Gamma band oscillatory activity mediates in sensory and cognitive operations, with a role in stimulus-related cortical synchronization, but is(More)
We present neuromagnetic evidence that the human oscillatory (-15-30 Hz; "gamma band") mass response to transient visual (contrast) stimulation originates from cortical areas also generating the conventional pattern-evoked response (VERs). The oscillatory response has shorter latency from stimulus and earlier temporal evolution than the VERs, with different(More)
One-hertz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (1Hz-rTMS) over ipsilateral motor cortex is able to modify up to 30 min the motor performance of repetitive finger opposition movements paced with a metronome at 2 Hz. We investigated whether the long-lasting rTMS effect on motor behavior can be modulated by subsequent engagement of the contralateral(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate in man the factor structure of retinal oscillatory potentials (OPs) to full-field luminance stimulation (0.9-9.5 cd.s.m(-2)) and the correlation with the spontaneous fluctuations of plasma ammonia. METHODS Six male healthy volunteers were studied. Five OP recordings and ammonia determinations (GLDH method) were obtained for each(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite intense research efforts, still too little is known about the biological determinants of depression, thus soliciting diverse study approaches. Among others, the electroretinography (ERG) has been proposed even as a putative proxy (retinal) measurement of central dopaminergic activity for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) both in(More)