Carla Maria Pedrosa Ribeiro

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Mammalian airways normally regulate the volume of a thin liquid layer, the periciliary liquid (PCL), to facilitate the mucus clearance component of lung defense. Studies under standard (static) culture conditions revealed that normal airway epithelia possess an adenosine-regulated pathway that blends Na+ absorption and Cl- secretion to optimize PCL volume.(More)
Extracellular nucleotides regulate transepithelial ion secretion via multiple receptors. The P2Y(2) receptor is the predominant transducer of chloride transport responses to nucleotides in the airways, but the P2 receptors that control ion transport in gastrointestinal epithelia have not been identified. UTP and UDP promote chloride secretion in mouse(More)
Hyperinflammatory responses to infection have been postulated as a component of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. Studies have linked intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)(i)) mobilization with inflammatory responses in several systems. We have reported that the pro-inflammatory mediator bradykinin (BK) promotes larger Ca(2+)(i) signals in CF compared with normal(More)
In cystic fibrosis (CF) airways, abnormal epithelial ion transport likely initiates mucus stasis, resulting in persistent airway infections and chronic inflammation. Mucus clearance is regulated, in part, by activation of apical membrane receptors coupled to intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)(i)) mobilization. We have shown that Ca(2+)(i) signals resulting from(More)
Burkholderia cepacia has emerged as a serious respiratory pathogen in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The clinical course of B. cepacia infections is variable, but approximately 20% of patients eventually succumb to the cepacia syndrome, which is characterized as a fatal necrotizing pneumonia with bacteremia. The mechanisms that permit B. cepacia to cause(More)
Chronic airway inflammation characterizes several airway diseases, including cystic fibrosis (CF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The altered airway milieu that results from the pathogenic processes in these disorders affects the airway epithelia, leading to an up-regulation of their innate defense. In human airway epithelia, luminal(More)
Prolonged macrolide antibiotic therapy at low doses improves clinical outcome in patients affected with diffuse panbronchiolitis and cystic fibrosis. Consensus is building that the therapeutic effects are due to anti-inflammatory, rather than anti-microbial activities, but the mode of action is likely complex. To gain insights into how the macrolide(More)
The localization of viral receptors to the basolateral surface of airway epithelia is an obstacle to the effectiveness of luminal viral-mediated gene transfer to the lung. The tight junction (TJ) serves as a rate-limiting barrier to the penetration of viral vectors. We have previously identified the sodium salt of the medium chain fatty acid (MCFA) capric(More)
Inflamed cystic fibrosis (CF) human bronchial epithelia (HBE), or normal HBE exposed to supernatant from mucopurulent material (SMM) from CF airways, exhibit endoplasmic reticulum (ER)/Ca(2+) store expansion and amplified Ca(2+)-mediated inflammation. HBE inflammation triggers an unfolded protein response (UPR) coupled to mRNA splicing of X-box binding(More)
Purinergic signalling regulates airway defence mechanisms, suggesting that extracellular purines could serve as airway inflammation biomarkers in cystic fibrosis (CF). The purines adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and adenosine were measured in sputum from 21 adults (spontaneously expectorated from(More)