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1. We investigated the effect of nimodipine on the calcium current in dissociated cerebellar granule cells from 8-day-old rats. We measured the whole cell current and the depolarization-induced internal calcium elevation in Fura2-loaded cells exposed to high-potassium solutions. 2. Nimodipine maximally depressed the peak calcium current from holding(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium currents were measured by whole-cell recording technique in cultured cerebellar granule neurons from 8 d old rats, in 10 mM BaCl2 and with a holding potential of -80 mV. A saturating dose (10 microM) of the dihydropyridine nimodipine reversibly inhibited the maximum current by 25% and the dose dependence showed IC50 close to 50 nM.(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NR) is a ligand-gated channel that carries the slow component of the glutamate-activated postsynaptic current. Divalent metal ions can affect the NR channel activity in a voltage-dependent [Mg(II)-like] or voltage-independent [Zn(II)-like] manner. We have studied the effect of two toxic metals, lead [Pb(II)] and(More)
The influx of the toxic cation Cd2+ was studied in fura 2-loaded rat cerebellar granule neurons. In cells depolarized with Ca2(+)-free, high-KCI solutions, the fluorescence emission ratio (R) increased in the presence of 100 microM Cd2(+). This increase was fully reversed by the Cd2+ chelator tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine, indicating a cadmium(More)
Nickel (Ni2+) is a transition metal that affects different neuronal ionic channels. We investigated its effects on glutamate channels of the NMDA-type in the presence of saturating concentration of glutamate or NMDA (50 microM), in 0 external Mg and in the continuous presence of saturating glycine (30 microM). In neonatal rat cerebellar granule cells, Ni2+(More)
The pathways of lead (Pb(2+)) uptake were studied in fura-2-loaded cerebellar granule cells from 8-day-old rats. In a nominal Ca-free external bath, Pb(2+) (5-50 microM) determined an increase of the fluorescence emission ratio (R = E(340)/E(380)) even in the absence of any specific stimulus. This rise was dose-dependent, was not significantly affected by(More)
The detrimental effects of lead poisoning have been well known since ancient times, but some of the most severe consequences of exposure to this metal have only been described recently. Lead [Pb(II)] affects the higher functions of the central nervous system and undermines brain growth, preventing the correct development of cognitive and behavioral(More)
The role of voltage-dependent Ca channels (VDCC) in the membrane permeation of two toxic metals, lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd), was studied in mammalian cells. Both metals interact with Ca-binding sites, but, while Cd influx appears to occur mainly through the same pathways as Ca, Pb is also rapidly taken up by different passive transport systems. Furthermore,(More)
The aim of this paper was to examine if pre- and neonatal exposure that results in lead (Pb) concentration below 'safe level' (10 μg/dL) in offspring blood may cause disruption of the pro/antioxidant balance in the developing rat brain. We studied oxidative stress intensity (malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration) as well as mRNA, protein expression and the(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium currents were investigated by the patch-clamp technique in whole-cell recording configuration in cultures from 8-day-old rat cerebella, which contained greater than or equal to 90% granule cells. In solutions designed to minimize the sodium and potassium conductances and in 20 mM barium, an inward current activated around -25 mV,(More)