Learn More
1. We investigated the effect of nimodipine on the calcium current in dissociated cerebellar granule cells from 8-day-old rats. We measured the whole cell current and the depolarization-induced internal calcium elevation in Fura2-loaded cells exposed to high-potassium solutions. 2. Nimodipine maximally depressed the peak calcium current from holding(More)
The influx of the toxic cation Cd2+ was studied in fura 2-loaded rat cerebellar granule neurons. In cells depolarized with Ca2(+)-free, high-KCI solutions, the fluorescence emission ratio (R) increased in the presence of 100 microM Cd2(+). This increase was fully reversed by the Cd2+ chelator tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine, indicating a cadmium(More)
Glucocorticoid hormones (GCH) have been implicated as regulators of T-lymphocyte growth and differentiation. In particular, it has been reported that GCH can induce thymocyte apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for this GCH-induced death have not been clarified. In this work, the biochemical events associated with apoptosis induced by(More)
A qualitative and quantitative analysis of M. vastus lateralis fibers from 40 male sedentary subjects, ranging in age from 30 to 89 years, was carried out by light and electron microscopy and by an automatic Interactive Image Analysis System. Biopsies for enzyme histochemical and ultrastructural studies were taken from subjects subdivided into four age(More)
Previously a novel gene was identified that encodes a glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) whose expression is up-regulated by dexamethasone. This study analyzed the role of GILZ in the control of T-cell activation and its possible interaction with nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). Results indicate that GILZ inhibits both T-cell receptor(More)
CD38 is a bifunctional ectoenzyme, predominantly expressed on hematopoietic cells during differentiation, that catalyzes the synthesis (cyclase) and the degradation (hydrolase) of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a powerful calcium mobilizer from intracellular stores. Due to the well established role of calcium levels in the regulation of apoptosis,(More)
TheN-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NR) is a ligand-gated channel that carries the slow component of the glutamate-activated postsynaptic current. Divalent metal ions can affect the NR channel activity in a voltage-dependent (Mg2+-like) or voltage-independent (Zn2+-like) manner. We have studied the effect of two toxic metals, lead (Pb2+) and nickel(More)
Granule cells were dissociated from rat cerebella with a procedure that yields a 98% pure cell population. Potassium currents in these cells were studied using the patch-clamp technique. Depolarizing pulses of 10 mV step and 100 ms duration from a holding potential of -80 mV elicited two different potassium outward currents: a transient, low-voltage(More)
The immunocytochemical detection by a monoclonal antibody of bromodeoxyuridine incorporated into S-phase cells allows the identification of proliferating cells. In this study we demonstrate that the labelling of embryo tissues is achieved by a single administration of BrdUrd to the mother after a 1 hour-labelling period. This simple and rapid technique(More)
The pathways of lead (Pb(2+)) uptake were studied in fura-2-loaded cerebellar granule cells from 8-day-old rats. In a nominal Ca-free external bath, Pb(2+) (5-50 microM) determined an increase of the fluorescence emission ratio (R = E(340)/E(380)) even in the absence of any specific stimulus. This rise was dose-dependent, was not significantly affected by(More)