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1. We investigated the effect of nimodipine on the calcium current in dissociated cerebellar granule cells from 8-day-old rats. We measured the whole cell current and the depolarization-induced internal calcium elevation in Fura2-loaded cells exposed to high-potassium solutions. 2. Nimodipine maximally depressed the peak calcium current from holding(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NR) is a ligand-gated channel that carries the slow component of the glutamate-activated postsynaptic current. Divalent metal ions can affect the NR channel activity in a voltage-dependent [Mg(II)-like] or voltage-independent [Zn(II)-like] manner. We have studied the effect of two toxic metals, lead [Pb(II)] and(More)
The influx of the toxic cation Cd2+ was studied in fura 2-loaded rat cerebellar granule neurons. In cells depolarized with Ca2(+)-free, high-KCI solutions, the fluorescence emission ratio (R) increased in the presence of 100 microM Cd2(+). This increase was fully reversed by the Cd2+ chelator tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine, indicating a cadmium(More)
Nickel (Ni2+) is a transition metal that affects different neuronal ionic channels. We investigated its effects on glutamate channels of the NMDA-type in the presence of saturating concentration of glutamate or NMDA (50 microM), in 0 external Mg and in the continuous presence of saturating glycine (30 microM). In neonatal rat cerebellar granule cells, Ni2+(More)
The pathways of lead (Pb(2+)) uptake were studied in fura-2-loaded cerebellar granule cells from 8-day-old rats. In a nominal Ca-free external bath, Pb(2+) (5-50 microM) determined an increase of the fluorescence emission ratio (R = E(340)/E(380)) even in the absence of any specific stimulus. This rise was dose-dependent, was not significantly affected by(More)
Voltage-dependent membrane currents were studied in dissociated hepatocytes from chick, using the patch-clamp technique. All cells had voltage-dependent outward K+ currents; in 10% of the cells, a fast, transient, tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na+ current was identified. None of the cells had voltage-dependent inward Ca2+ currents. The K+ current activated at a(More)
The aim of this paper was to examine if pre- and neonatal exposure that results in lead (Pb) concentration below 'safe level' (10 μg/dL) in offspring blood may cause disruption of the pro/antioxidant balance in the developing rat brain. We studied oxidative stress intensity (malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration) as well as mRNA, protein expression and the(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium currents were investigated by the patch-clamp technique in whole-cell recording configuration in cultures from 8-day-old rat cerebella, which contained greater than or equal to 90% granule cells. In solutions designed to minimize the sodium and potassium conductances and in 20 mM barium, an inward current activated around -25 mV,(More)