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A study was undertaken to investigate the role of Trypanosoma vivax in sheep and goat mortality and abortions in the Brazilian semiarid region, where outbreaks had been previously reported in bovines. For this purpose, 177 goats and 248 sheep (20% of herds) were randomly sampled on four farms in the State of Paraiba in May and October 2008. The animals were(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize by a multi-level approach extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates other than E. coli from Portuguese hospitals. Eighty-eight ESBL-producing clinical isolates (69 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 13 Enterobacter cloacae complex, 3 Klebsiella oxytoca, 1 Enterobacter asburiae, 1 Proteus(More)
Xylose-utilising yeasts were screened to identify strains with high xylose transport capacity. Among the fastest-growing strains in xylose medium, Candida intermedia PYCC 4715 showed the highest xylose transport capacity. Maximal specific growth rate was the same in glucose and xylose media (mu(max)=0.5 h-1, 30 degrees C). Xylose transport showed biphasic(More)
The story of Brazil's evolution in sexual and reproductive health and rights during the 1990s documents not only a decade of change in the population field, but the powerful role of social movements in a democracy. Between October and December 2002, 23 people were interviewed about where they believe progress has been made in Brazil and where there are(More)
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal gynaecologic cancer and its standard treatment consists of platinum-based chemotherapy after cytoreductive surgery. The p53 protein plays a critical role on different cellular processes in response to DNA damage and it is responsible for transcriptional induction of the P21 gene. We have analysed 114 blood samples in(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative condition that is characterized by motor symptoms as a result of dopaminergic degeneration, particularly in the mesostriatal pathway. However, in recent years, a greater number of clinical studies have focused on the emergence of non-motor symptoms in PD patients, as a consequence of damage on the(More)
Mechanical transmission of the major livestock pathogen Trypanosoma vivax by other biting flies than tsetse allows its spread from Africa to the New World. Genetic studies are restricted to a small number of isolates and based on molecular markers that evolve too slowly to resolve the relationships between American and West African populations and, thus,(More)
Clinical, epidemiological, and pathological aspects of trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma vivax in calves were reported for the first time in northeast Brazil. Clinical and epidemiological data, packed cell volumes (PCV), and parasitemia were assessed in 150 calves in May 2009 (rainy season—survey 1) and in 153 calves in November 2009 (dry season—survey(More)
OBJECTIVES The spread of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae among food animals/products has raised concerns about their possible transmission through the food chain. We aimed to characterize piggeries (pigs, piggery environments) as reservoirs of TEM-52- and CTX-M-encoding plasmids and clones. METHODS Forty-three samples from five Portuguese intensive(More)
The present study was aimed at investigating the effect of experimental infection by Trypanosoma vivax in different stages of pregnancy, determining the pathogenesis of reproductive failure, and confirming transplacental transmission. We used 12 pregnant ewes distributed into four experimental groups: G1, was formed by three ewes infected with T. vivax in(More)