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Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) rapidly and massively produce type I IFN and other inflammatory cytokines in response to foreign nucleic acids, thereby indirectly influencing T-cell responses. Moreover, antigen (Ag)-presenting pDCs directly regulate T-cell differentiation. Depending on the immune environment, pDCs exhibit either tolerogenic or(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of combining antiangiogenic treatment, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeting and irradiation (RT). We evaluated AZD2171, a highly potent, orally active, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signalling inhibitor, gefitinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor and RT. The antitumour efficacy(More)
Evidence has recently emerged that butyrophilins, which are members of the extended B7 family of co-stimulatory molecules, have diverse functions in the immune system. We found that the human and mouse genes encoding butyrophilin-2A2 (BTN2A2) are regulated by the class II trans-activator and regulatory factor X, two transcription factors dedicated to major(More)
On the basis of the currents induced by electron ¯uxes in the Scintillating Fibre Detector (SFD) onboard the EQUATORS satellite launched on 2 December 1997, an in-situ acceleration of radiation belt electrons is found to possibly contribute to the increase of the ¯ux of electrons with energies greater than 400 keV. The data acquired between 16 December 1997(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) have been shown to both mediate and prevent autoimmunity, and the regulation of their immunogenic versus tolerogenic functions remains incompletely understood. Here we demonstrate that, compared to other cells, pDCs are the major expressors of Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) in steady-state lymph nodes (LNs). IDO(More)
The grille spectrometer observed the setting and rising sun 18 times during the Spacelab 1 mission. In addition to solar absorption lines, many of which had not been observed before, atmospheric spectral absorptions due to carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide were observed at heights tangent to the thermosphere (greater than 85 kilometers), and absorptions(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) rapidly and massively produce type I IFN and other inflammatory cyto-kines in response to foreign nucleic acids, thereby indirectly influencing T-cell responses. Moreover, antigen (Ag)-presenting pDCs directly regulate T-cell differentiation. Depending on the immune environment, pDCs exhibit either tolerogenic or(More)
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