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Perturbation of steroids pathways is linked to inflammation and chronic diseases, however the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Oxysterols, oxidized forms of cholesterol, are not only essential for bile synthesis and sterol transportation but have recently been shown to contribute to the immune response. In addition, serum oxysterols levels have been(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) rapidly and massively produce type I IFN and other inflammatory cytokines in response to foreign nucleic acids, thereby indirectly influencing T-cell responses. Moreover, antigen (Ag)-presenting pDCs directly regulate T-cell differentiation. Depending on the immune environment, pDCs exhibit either tolerogenic or(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) exhibit both innate and adaptive functions. In particular they are the main source of type I IFNs and directly impact T cell responses through antigen presentation. We have previously demonstrated that during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) initiation, myelin-antigen presentation by pDCs is associated with(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of combining antiangiogenic treatment, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeting and irradiation (RT). We evaluated AZD2171, a highly potent, orally active, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signalling inhibitor, gefitinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor and RT. The antitumour efficacy(More)
Evidence has recently emerged that butyrophilins, which are members of the extended B7 family of co-stimulatory molecules, have diverse functions in the immune system. We found that the human and mouse genes encoding butyrophilin-2A2 (BTN2A2) are regulated by the class II trans-activator and regulatory factor X, two transcription factors dedicated to major(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) have been shown to both mediate and prevent autoimmunity, and the regulation of their immunogenic versus tolerogenic functions remains incompletely understood. Here we demonstrate that, compared to other cells, pDCs are the major expressors of Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) in steady-state lymph nodes (LNs). IDO(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) rapidly and massively produce type I IFN and other inflammatory cyto-kines in response to foreign nucleic acids, thereby indirectly influencing T-cell responses. Moreover, antigen (Ag)-presenting pDCs directly regulate T-cell differentiation. Depending on the immune environment, pDCs exhibit either tolerogenic or(More)
Knowledge of the genetic make-up and demographic history of invasive populations is critical to understand invasion mechanisms. Commensal rodents are ideal models to study whether complex invasion histories are typical of introductions involving human activities. The house mouse Mus musculus domesticus is a major invasive synanthropic rodent originating(More)
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