Carla L. Storr

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OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of substance use among US physicians. DESIGN A mailed, anonymous, self-report survey that assessed use of 13 substances and permitted comparison with results of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Rates of physician substance use were weighted to provide national prevalence estimates. PARTICIPANTS A national(More)
BACKGROUND Nursing is physically demanding, and nurses have higher rates of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) than most other occupational groups. The physical demands of nursing may lead some nurses to leave the profession, contributing to the shortage of registered nurses in many workplaces that is a major concern today. As a first step toward reducing(More)
BACKGROUND While nonmedical use of opioids and psychiatric disorders are prevalent in the population, little is known about the temporal ordering between nonmedical opioid use and dependence and psychiatric disorders. METHOD Data were gathered in a face-to-face survey of the United States conducted in the 2001-2002 (NESARC wave 1). Participants were(More)
BACKGROUND Prior studies on the course of alcohol use disorders have reported a "telescoping" effect with women progressing from drinking initiation to alcohol dependence faster than men. However, there is a paucity of population-based analyses that have examined progression to alcohol dependence comparing race/ethnicity subgroups, and little is known about(More)
BACKGROUND In order to promote the health of nurses while maintaining performance and patient care safety standards, better research bases on the association of work organization with health are needed. METHODS Work schedule components (shift, shift length, weekends, and overtime) in a nationally representative sample of employed registered nurses(More)
Pain and fatigue are early indicators of musculoskeletal strain. This study examined associations among eight physical demands and inadequate sleep, pain medication use, and absenteeism in 3727 working registered nurses (RNs). Among the demands, awkward head/arm postures were associated with each outcome (inadequate sleep: odds ratio [OR], 1.96; 95%(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors prospectively examined childhood antecedents of exposure to traumatic events to estimate the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among those exposed to trauma. METHOD Two consecutive cohorts of children entering first grade of a public school system in a large mid-Atlantic city in the mid-1980s were followed into young(More)
OBJECTIVES Valid data on factors that increase a health care worker's likelihood of substance use are integral in ensuring professional standards and quality health care for consumers. This study explored the association between nursing specialty and past-year substance use. METHODS In an anonymous mailed survey, a balanced stratified sample of registered(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compares substance use by medical specialty among resident physicians. METHOD The authors estimated the prevalence of substance use of 11 medical specialties from a national sample of 1,754 U.S. resident physicians. RESULTS Emergency medicine and psychiatry residents showed higher rates of substance use than residents in other(More)
OBJECTIVE Extramedical prescription pain reliever use has generated much public concern; however, little is known regarding its epidemiology in the general population. METHODS Using data from the annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2002 and 2003), we explored demographics, drug use history, and physical/mental problems associated with recent(More)