Carla J. H. van der Kallen

Learn More
BACKGROUND Previous studies on the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) reported inconsistent findings on their association with metabolic risk factors. This may partly have been due to differences in underlying dietary patterns. OBJECTIVE We aimed to examine the association of GI and GL with food and nutrient intake and with metabolic risk factors(More)
OBJECTIVE Dysregulation of inflammatory adipokines by the adipose tissue plays an important role in obesity-associated insulin resistance. Pathways leading to this dysregulation remain largely unknown. We hypothesized that the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and the ligand N(ε)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) are increased in adipose tissue(More)
Abdominal fat-related activation of the innate immune system and insulin resistance (IR) are implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Recent data support an important role of the adaptive immune system as well. In this study, we investigate the association between waist circumference and markers of systemic adaptive immune activation, and(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a multifactorial chronic metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycaemia. Several different mechanisms have been implicated in the development of the disease, including endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. ER stress is increasingly acknowledged as an important mechanism in the development of DM, not only for β-cell loss but also(More)
BACKGROUND A healthy diet rich in fish, fruit, and vegetables, but moderate in alcohol and low in dairy products and meat, has been associated with a lower rate of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). The underlying mechanisms, however, remain unclear. Endothelial dysfunction and low-grade inflammation play important roles in CVD. A healthy diet might(More)
OBJECTIVE Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) characterized by high serum total cholesterol and/or triglycerides (TGs) is a common dyslipidemia predisposing to coronary artery disease (CAD). Recently, the upstream transcription factor 1 (USF1) was linked and associated with FCHL and TGs in Finnish FCHL families. Here we examined the previously(More)
BACKGROUND Diet may be associated with the development of type 2 diabetes through its effects on low-grade inflammation. OBJECTIVES We investigated whether an adapted dietary inflammatory index (ADII) is associated with a summary score for low-grade inflammation and markers of glucose metabolism. In addition, we investigated the mediating role of(More)
OBJECTIVE There is increasing evidence that postprandial glucose excursions play an important role in the development of vascular complications. The underlying mechanism is unknown, but glucose-derived formation of reactive α-dicarbonyl compounds may explain why acute hyperglycemia leads to increased risk for diabetes complications. In the current study, we(More)
VLDL overproduction, a process that is driven by an excess amount of hepatic fat, is a well-documented feature of familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL). The aims of this study were to investigate whether fatty liver, measured with ultrasound and as plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, develops against a genetic background in FCHL and to identify(More)
BACKGROUND Complement C3, a central component of the innate immune system is increased in subjects with obesity and type 2 diabetes and is a novel risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that the strong association between insulin resistance and circulating amounts of C3 may be related to hepatic fat accumulation -independent of central(More)