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Successful pain management with opioids requires that adequate analgesia be achieved without excessive adverse effects. By these criteria, a substantial minority of patients treated with oral morphine (10% to 30%) do not have a successful outcome because of (1) excessive adverse effects, (2) inadequate analgesia, or (3) a combination of both excessive(More)
An expert working group of the European Association for Palliative Care has revised and updated its guidelines on the use of morphine in the management of cancer pain. The revised recommendations presented here give guidance on the use of morphine and the alternative strong opioid analgesics which have been introduced in many parts of the world in recent(More)
BACKGROUND Screening of the oral cavity and dental care was suggested as mandatory preventive measures of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) in patients receiving bisphosphonates (BPs). We investigated the occurrence of ONJ before and after implementation of dental preventive measures when starting BP therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Since April 2005, 154(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the clinical benefits of switching from morphine to oral methadone in patients who experience poor analgesia or adverse effects from morphine. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-two consecutive cancer patients receiving oral morphine but with uncontrolled pain and/or moderate to severe opioid adverse effects were switched to oral methadone(More)
The growing incidence of cancer pathology all over the world implies not only problems of prevention and cure, but also of pain control. Pain appears in more than 50% of cancer patients, mainly because analgesic opioids are not available or adequately administered. For this reason, the World Health Organization (WHO) has created a Collaborating Centre for(More)
BACKGROUND Zoledronic acid reduces skeletal-related events in patients with breast cancer, but concerns have been raised about prolonged monthly administration. We assessed the efficacy and safety of a reduced dosing frequency of zoledronic acid in women treated previously with monthly zoledronic acid. METHODS We did this non-inferiority, phase 3 trial in(More)
  • C Ripamonti
  • 1999
Dyspnea is a frequent and devastating symptom among advanced cancer patients and is often difficult to control. However, there has been considerably less emphasis in the literature on the appropriate characterization and management of this symptom than of other cancer-related symptoms. The purpose of this paper is to review issues relating to the(More)
Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) is a common and distressing outcome particularly in patients with bowel or gynaecological cancer. Radiological imaging, particularly with CT, is critical in determining the cause of obstruction and possible therapeutic interventions. Although surgery should be the primary treatment for selected patients with MBO, it should(More)
BACKGROUND In uncontrolled clinical trials, the administration of oral zinc sulfate has been reported both to prevent and correct taste abnormalities in cancer patients receiving external radiotherapy (ERT) to the head and neck region. METHODS Eighteen patients were randomized to receive either zinc sulfate tablets (a dose of 45 mg) or placebo tablets(More)
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an adverse event that has been reported in patients receiving cancer treatment regimens, including bevacizumab, bisphosphonates, and denosumab. We performed a preliminary open label, prospective phase I-II study in patients treated with bisphosphonate to evaluate the treatment effect and tolerability of medical ozone (O(3))(More)