Carla Garzon

Learn More
Pythium identification is based on several characteristics with considerable variation, particularly in Pythium irregulare Buis. as currently recognized. Thirty-one isolates of Pythium irregulare Buis. from various hosts and geographic regions were compared by genetic analysis of multiloci DNA fingerprints, sequence analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial(More)
ABSTRACT Pythium irregulare is a plant-pathogenic oomycete that causes significant damage to a variety of crops, including ornamentals and vegetables. Morphological as well as molecular studies have reported high levels of genetic diversity within P. irregulare sensu lato which has raised the question as to whether it is a single species or is actually a(More)
Eight pathogenic races, determined based on the virulence displayed on differential chickpea cultivars, have been recognized in Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, the causal agent of Fusarium wilt of chickpea. In order to elucidate the genetic relationships between these races and understand how virulence evolved, we analyzed the sequences of 32 genomic(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary, S. minor Jagger, S. trifoliorum Eriks, and S. homoeocarpa F.T. Benn are the most relevant plant pathogenic species within the genus Sclerotinia because of their large range of economically important hosts, including tomato, peanut, alfalfa, and turfgrass, among others. Species identification based on morphological(More)
Pythium aphanidermatum is one of the most aggressive species in the genus and has a wide host range, but little is known about its population genetic structure. We tested 123 P. aphanidermatum isolates with six AFLP primer combinations and four SSR markers. The genetic diversity of P. aphanidermatum was 0.34 with AFLP and 0.55 with SSR markers. SSR(More)
Although plant diseases can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and protists, most are caused by fungi and fungus-like oomycetes. Intensive use of fungicides with the same mode of action can lead to selection of resistant strains increasing the risk of unmanageable epidemics. In spite of the integrated use of nonchemical plant disease management strategies,(More)
Potato late blight, caused byPhytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary, is the most important biotic constraint to potato yield and productivity in Ecuador. Yields are severely reduced by foliage blight, but tuber blight has never been quantified in this country. To address this issue, three independent surveys were carried out in Ecuador to estimate the(More)
Plant biosecurity requires rapid identification of pathogenic organisms. While there are many pathogen-specific diagnostic assays, the ability to test for large numbers of pathogens simultaneously is lacking. Next generation sequencing (NGS) allows one to detect all organisms within a given sample, but has computational limitations during assembly and(More)
Early stage infections caused by fungal/oomycete spores may not be detected until signs or symptoms develop. Serological and molecular techniques are currently used for detecting these pathogens. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has potential as a diagnostic tool, due to the capacity to target multiple unique signature loci of pathogens in an infected plant(More)