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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to clarify the role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor (VEGFR) pathways in thyroid tumourigenesis. METHODS We examined VEGF, VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 expression on 34 papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs), 18 follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTCs), eight poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas(More)
CONTEXT Children present a higher susceptibility to developing thyroid cancer after radioiodine exposure and also a higher frequency of functional metastases than adults. OBJECTIVE To assess the mRNA expression of the sodium/iodide (Na(+)/I(-)) symporter (NIS), the Pendred syndrome gene (PDS), thyroperoxidase (TPO), thyroglobulin (Tg) and TSH receptor(More)
Recently, a translocation t(2;3)(q13;p25), leading to the formation of a chimeric PAX8-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma 1 oncogene, was detected in follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTC), but not in follicular thyroid adenomas (FTA), papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC), or multinodular hyperplasias. However, previous cytogenetic studies(More)
The expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma in thyroid neoplasias and in normal thyroid (NT) tissues has not been fully investigated. The objectives of the present work were: to study and compare the relative expression of PPARgamma in normal, benign and malignant thyroid tissues and to correlate PPARgamma immunostaining with(More)
Aneuploidy in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) is considered a marker of worse prognosis. Multiple genetic surveys have been performed in PTCs, however, we are not aware of any such studies in aneuploid PTCs. In order to contribute to a better comprehension of the genetic basis of this neoplasm's more aggressive behaviour in 17 aneuploid PTCs we(More)
BACKGROUND High levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been reported in patients with cancers of different origins. There are no data comparing serum VEGF levels of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) patients with that of the healthy subjects. OBJECTIVE We tried to assess whether serum VEGF concentration in MTC patients is correlated with(More)
The expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)g in thyroid neoplasias and in normal thyroid (NT) tissues has not been fully investigated. The objectives of the present work were: to study and compare the relative expression of PPARg in normal, benign and malignant thyroid tissues and to correlate PPARg immunostaining with(More)
OBJECTIVE Paired box gene 8/peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PAX8PPARgamma) translocation is a molecular event associated with follicular thyroid tumorigenesis and is generated by a chromosomal rearrangement between PAX8 and PPARgamma genes. In this study, we investigated the effects of PAX8PPARgamma fusion protein on cell growth and on(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) gene is a nuclear receptor that is involved in thyroid tumourigenesis. Recently, our group has shown that follicular carcinomas underexpressing PPARgamma protein are more prone to develop distant metastases, to invade locally, to present poorly differentiated areas and to persist after surgery.(More)
OBJECTIVE Follicular thyroid tumours present several genetic alterations such as aneuploidy, RAS mutations and PAX8/PPARgammarearrangements. The molecular basis of aneuploidy remains undefined in the majority of human cancers. It has been proposed that mutations in RAS oncogenes could be related to chromosomal instability, although this issue remains(More)