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Patients with mental illness have a higher incidence of smoking than the general population and are the major consumers of tobacco products. This population includes subjects with schizophrenia, manic depression, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), attention-deficit disorder (ADD), and several other less common diseases. Smoking cessation(More)
BACKGROUND The alpha7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit gene (CHRNA7) has been implicated as a candidate gene for schizophrenia, and for an auditory sensory processing deficit found in the disease, by both genetic linkage at 15q14 and biochemical data. The expression of CHRNA7 is reduced in several brain regions in schizophrenic subjects(More)
Hypersensitivity to sensory stimulation is a prominent characteristic of both schizophrenia and mania. Neurophysiological recordings suggest a common deficit in a central neuronal sensory gating mechanism which regulates sensitivity to repeated auditory stimuli. Dopamine and norepinephrine are hypothesized to have major roles in these illnesses, but their(More)
The hypothesis that the 15q13-15 region of chromosome 15 contains a gene that contributes to the etiology of schizophrenia is supported by multiple genetic linkage studies. The alpha7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (CHRNA7) gene was selected as the best candidate gene in this region for molecular investigation, based on these linkage findings and(More)
The sensory disturbance in schizophrenia is often described as an inability to filter out extraneous noise from meaningful sensory inputs. The neurobiological basis of this inability to filter has been examined using auditory evoked potentials, which are computerized averages of the brain's electrical response to sound. The sounds are presented in pairs to(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are expressed in the human central nervous system. A specific subtype of this receptor family, the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, is thought to be the principal alpha-bungarotoxin (alphaBTX)-binding protein in mammalian brain. Although the expression of this receptor subtype has been characterized in rat,(More)
Diminished neuronal response to repeated sensory input is a sensory-gating phenomenon that has been found to be deficient in schizophrenic patients. For example, schizophrenic patients fail to decrease the amplitude of the P50 wave of the auditory evoked potential to the second of paired click stimuli. In some studies, however, normal subjects have also(More)
Acutely ill psychiatric inpatients were examined for a deficit in sensory gating, measured as failure to suppress the P50 wave of the auditory-evoked response to the second of paired stimuli. Previously, we had found that in mania, this sensory gating deficit is correlated with increased plasma-free levels of the noradrenergic metabolite 3-methoxy,(More)
This study represents the first attempt to cross validate and report on the Neuropsychology Behavior and Affect Profile (NBAP) using closed head injury (CHI) participants. The NBAP is designed to measure emotional functioning before and following a brain event. Two CHI samples, differing primarily by method of ascertainment, were compared to a group of(More)
The object of this study was to determine the reproducibility of the measurement of plasma catecholamine metabolites in normal control subjects and to assess the influence of factors such as time of day, diet, activity, blood pressure, and mood on the variance of these measures. Plasma free homovanillic acid (HVA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG),(More)