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Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have emerged as a promising model organism to study development, toxicology, pharmacology, and neuroscience, among other areas. Despite the increasing number of studies using zebrafish, behavioral studies with this species are still elementary when compared to rodents. The aim of this study was to develop a model of unpredictable(More)
Demographic aging gives rise to a growing population with age-associated behavioral and cognitive deficits that may be associated at least partially to the increasing prevalence of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this disease, it has been observed a decrease in the cholinergic system, which is crucial to memory formation.(More)
Glutamate N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists, such as dizocilpine (MK-801), elicit schizophrenia-like symptoms in humans and a behavioral syndrome in rodents, characterized by hyperlocomotion and stereotyped actions, which is antagonized by antipsychotic drugs. Animal models of schizophrenia have been established and used for the development(More)
There is growing interest in zebrafish as a model organism in behavioral pharmacology research. Several anxiety behaviors have been characterized in zebrafish, but the effect of anxiolytic drugs on these parameters has been scarcely studied. The purpose of this work was to assess the predictive validity of acute treatment with anxiolytic drugs on behavioral(More)
The participation of a nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase in the nucleotide hydrolysis by rat blood serum was evaluated. Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase and phosphodiesterase are enzymes possibly involved in ATP and ADP hydrolysis. The specific activity of the phosphodiesterase activity (using thymidine 5'-monophosphate p-nitrophenyl(More)
Ethanol (EtOH) is a drug widely consumed throughout the world that promotes several neurochemical disorders. Its deleterious effects are generally associated with modifications in oxidative stress parameters, signaling transduction pathways, and neurotransmitter systems, leading to distinct behavioral changes. Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is a(More)
Changes in transport, receptors and production of extracellular adenosine have been observed after induction of hyperthyroidism. Adenosine is associated with inhibitory actions such as reduction in release of excitatory neurotransmitters and antinociception at spinal site. In contrast, ATP acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter and produces pronociceptive(More)
Transcriptional factors and signalling molecules from intracellular metabolism modulate a complex set of events during brain development. Neurotransmitter and neuromodulator synthesis and their receptor expressions vary according to different stages of brain development. The dynamics of signalling systems is often accompanied by alterations in enzyme(More)
Adenosine has been proposed as an endogenous anticonvulsant which can play an important role in seizure initiation, propagation and arrest. Besides the release of adenosine per se, the ectonucleotidase pathway is an important metabolic source of extracellular adenosine. Here we evaluated ATP diphosphohydrolase and 5'-nucleotidase activities in synaptosomes(More)
The ectonucleotidase pathway is an important metabolic source of extracellular adenosine. Adenosine has potent anticonvulsant effects on various models of epilepsy. One of these models is pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) kindling, in which repeated administration of subconvulsive doses of this drug induces progressive intensification of seizure activity. In this(More)