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Previous studies with 95 bread wheat doubled haploid lines (DHLs) from the cross Chinese Spring (CS)xSQ1 trialled over 24 yearxtreatmentxlocations identified major yield quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in homoeologous locations on 7AL and 7BL, expressed mainly under stressed and non-stressed conditions, respectively. SQ1 and CS contributed alleles increasing(More)
The large size and complex polyploid nature of many genomes has often hampered genomics development, as is the case for several plants of high agronomic value. Isolating single chromosomes or chromosome arms via flow sorting offers a clue to resolve such complexity by focusing sequencing to a discrete and self-consistent part of the whole genome. The(More)
Transfer of alien chromosome segments from various Triticeae species into cultivated wheats, commonly referred to as "chromosome engineering", is currently benefiting from the recent, impressive advancements in molecular genetics, cytogenetics and genomics, which are providing new insights into the genetic and physical organization of even complex plant(More)
The molecular characterization of heterochromatin in six lines of rye has been performed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The highly repetitive rye DNA sequences pSc 119.2, pSc74, and pSc34, and the probes pTa71 and pSc794 containing the 25S-5.8S-18S rDNA (NOR) and the 5S rDNA multigene families, respectively, were used. This allowed the(More)
Lr19, one of the few widely effective genes conferring resistance to leaf rust in wheat, was transferred from the wild relative Thinopyrum ponticum to durum wheat. Since Lr19 confers a hypersensitive response to the pathogen, it was considered likely that the gene would be a member of the major nucleotide-binding site (NBS)-leucine-rich repeat (LRR) plant R(More)
For the first time, using chromosome engineering of durum wheat, the underlying genetic determinants of a yield-improving segment from Thinopyrum ponticum (7AgL) were dissected. Three durum wheat-Th. ponticum near-isogenic recombinant lines (NIRLs), with distal portions of their 7AL arm (fractional lengths 0.77, 0.72, and 0.60) replaced by alien chromatin,(More)
Using a chromosome engineering strategy, we previously developed two durum wheat recombinant lines, each containing on chromosome 1A a short segment of bread wheat chromosome 1D with either the Glu-D1 (PL line) or the Gli-D1/Glu-D3 (PS line) genes. Since PL and PS transfers produced substantial but different effects on durum gluten properties, in the(More)
The amount of alien chromatin introgressed in eight wheat/Ae. longissima Pm13 recombinant lines, involving breakpoints on the short arms of wheat chromosomes 3B and 3D, was evaluated by cytogenetic and molecular approaches. For each line the residual homologous synaptic ability of the recombinant chromosome in its proximal wheat and distal alien portion was(More)
Two lines of common wheat cv. Chinese Spring, carrying simultaneous mutations for the two major homoeologous pairing wheat suppressor genes Ph1 and Ph2 have been developed and their pairing behaviour compared with that of the ph1b mutant of the same cultivar. Besides carrying the ph1b mutation, the first double mutant line lacked the chromosome arm pair(More)